30 July 2014

Mark Clattenburg in charge of UEFA Super Cup

UEFA has revealed the referee of the UEFA Super Cup final for this year which will be played at the Cardiff City Stadium in Cardiff, Wales on Tuesday 12 August.

English Mark Clattenburg has been appointed as referee of the all Spanish Final between Real Madrid and Seville. This will be the first European final for the 39 years old referee following a very good season which was crowned by the Europa League Semifinal 2nd Leg of Juventus and Benfica.

12/08/2014, 20:45 CET,  Cardiff City Stadium, Wales
Real Madrid - Sevilla CF
Referee: Mark Clattenburg (ENG)
Assistant referee 1: Simon Beck (ENG)
Assistant referee 2: Stuart Burt (ENG)
Additional Assistant Referee 1: Michael Oliver (ENG)
Additional Assistant Referee 2: Anthony Taylor (ENG)
Fourth official: Darren England (ENG)
UEFA Referee Observer:
UEFA Delegate: Campbell Ogilvie (SCO)
UEFA Referee Liaison Officers: Raymond Ellingham (WAL) & Rodger Gifford (WAL)
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Video Coaching: Deliberate Handball? 1


The following match situation is taken from Real Madrid - FC København) and belongs to the category Deliberate Handball?.
You are warmly encouraged to participate in discussion by answering the poll or placing a comment. UEFA's official solution for this situation including the re-start of play will be published soon.

The following video is placed for educational purpose only.

 No Deliberate Handball, Play-on.
 Deliberate Handball, Penalty Kick, No Card
 Deliberate Handball, Penalty Kick, Yellow Card
 Deliberate Handball, Penalty Kick, Red Card

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29 July 2014

Javier Estrada Fernández appointed for U-19 EURO 2014 Final

Spanish referee Javier Estrada Fernández has been selected by UEFA  to handle the final of the 2014 U19 Euro Tournament in Hungary, to be played between Portugal and Germany. He will be assisted  by Darren England (ENG) and Evgeni Belski (KAZ). Albanian Enea Jorgji will take the duties of fourth official.

A referee in Spanish Primera División since 2009 and FIFA listed since 2013, Estrada Fernández attended in Hungary his first important tournament at UEFA level.  He officiated two matches in group stage, then working as fourth official in one semifinal.
With regard to the rest of the appointment, it will be the first time ever in a final of a UEFA tournament for a official from Kazakhstan. Evgeni Belski will have the honor to represent his country. The performance of the whole trio will be assessed by Jozef Marko, member of UEFA Referees Committee.

31/07/2014, 19:00 CET, Budapest
Portugal - Germany (Final)
Referee: Javier Estrada Fernández (ESP)
Assistant referee 1: Darren England (ENG)
Assistant referee 2: Evgeni Belski (KAZ)
Fourth official: Enea Jorgj (ALB)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jozef Marko (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Matthias Voigt (LIE)
Blog Observer: Chefren (ITA)
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27 July 2014

Kevin Clancy and István Kovács in charge of U-19 EURO 2014 semifinals

UEFA has appointed Scottish referee Kevin Clancy to handle the semifinal between Germany and Austria, while the Romanian István Kovács has been assigned to Portugal - Serbia. 

28/07/2014, 18:00 CET, Budapest
Germany - Austria (Semifinal)
Referee: Kevin Clancy (SCO)
Assistant referee 1: Darren England (ENG)
Assistant referee 2: Evgeni Belski (KAZ)
Fourth official: Javier Estrada (ESP)
UEFA Referee Observer: Nikolay Levnikov (RUS)
UEFA Delegate: Maurizio Montironi (SMR)

28/07/2014, 21:00 CET, Felcsut
Portugal - Serbia (Semifinal)
Referee: István Kovács (ROU)
Assistant referee 1: Henrik Larsen (DEN) 
Assistant referee 2: Laurent Conotte (BEL)
Fourth official: Enea Jorgji (ALB)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jozef Marko (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Matthias Voigt (LIE)
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26 July 2014

Europa League 2014/15 - Referee Appointments - 3rd Qualification Round (I)

These are the officials who will oversee the  first legs of Europa League's 3rd Qualification Round.  One appointment is still missing, it will be added soon.


31 July 2014

Karagandy, 14:30 CET
FC Shakhter Karagandy (KAZ) - HNK Hajduk Split (CRO)
Referee: Aliyar Aghayev (AZE)
Assistant Referees: Zeynal Zeynalov (AZE), Rza Mammadov (AZE)
Fourth Official: Elvin Asgarov (AZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Karen Nalbandyan (ARM)
UEFA Delegate: Metin Kazancıoğlu (TUR) 

Astana, 16:00 CET
FC Astana (KAZ) - AIK (SWE)
Referee: Ante Vucemilovic-Simunovic (CRO)
Assistant Referees: Dalibor Conjar (CRO), Goran Pataki (CRO) 
Fourth Official: Tihomir Pejin (CRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Sergey Zuev (RUS)
UEFA Delegate: Petro Ivanov (BUL)

Baku, 17:00 CET
Neftçi PFK (AZE) - FC Chikhura Sachkhere (GEO)
Referee: Pavel Cristian Balaj (ROU)
Assistant Referees: Sebastian Eugen Gheorghe (ROU), Mihai Ovidiu Artene (ROU)
Fourth Official: Catalin Sorin Popa (ROU)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jiri Ulrich (CZE)
UEFA Delegate: Vladislav Khodeev (RUS)

Boras, 18:00 CET
IF Elfsborg (SWE) - FH (ISL)
Referee: Tom Harald Hagen (NOR)
Assistant Referees: Magnus Lundberg (NOR), Jan Erik Engan (NOR)
Fourth Official: Anders Johansen (NOR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Dragutin Karlo Poljak (CRO)
UEFA Delegate: Bontcho Todorov (BUL)

Giurgiu, 18:00 CET
FC Astra (ROU) - FC Slovan Liberec (CZE)
Referee: Ilias Spathas (GRE)
Assistant Referees: Lazaros Dimitriadis (GRE), Polychronis Kostaras (GRE)
Fourth Official: Anastasios Sidiropoulos (GRE)
UEFA Referee Observer: William Young (SCO)
UEFA Delegate: Yauheni Tratsiuk (BLR)

Chorzow, 18:00 CET
Ruch Chorzów S.A. (POL) - Esbjerg fB (DEN)
Referee: Vlado Glođović (SRB)
Assistant Referees: Dejan Petrović (SRB), Uroš Stojković (SRB)
Fourth Official: Milan Jeremić (SRB)
UEFA Referee Observer: Wilfried Heitmann (GER)
UEFA Delegate: Barry W. Bright (ENG)

Khimki, 18:00 CET
FC Dinamo Moskva (RUS) - Hapoel Kiryat Shmona FC (ISR)
Referee: Kristinn Jakobsson (ISL)
Assistant Referees: Gunnar Sverrir Gunnarsson (ISL), Johann Gunnar Gudmundsson (ISL)
Fourth Official: Thoroddur Hjaltalin (ISL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Michael Thomas Ross (NIR)
UEFA Delegate: Armen Minasyan (ARM)

Nicosia, 18:00 CET
AC Omonia (CYP) - FK Metalurg Skopje (MKD)
Referee: Gediminas Mazeika (LTU)
Assistant Referees: Vytautas Simkus (LTU), Saulius Dirda (LTU)
Fourth Official: Mindagaus Jackus (LTU)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jean Lemmer (LUX)
UEFA Delegate: Tugomir Frajman (SVN)

Stockholm, 19:00 CET
IF Brommapojkarna (SWE) - Torino FC (ITA)
Referee: Serdar Gözübüyük (NED, photo)
Assistant Referees: Hessel Steegstra (NED), Mario Diks (NED)
Fourth Official: Allard Lindhout (NED)
UEFA Referee Observer: Peter Jones (ENG)
UEFA Delegate: Kris Bellon (BEL)

Eindhoven, 19:00 CET
PSV Eindhoven (NED) - SKN St. Pölten (AUT)
Referee: Slavko Vinčić (SVN)
Assistant Referees: Matej Žunič (SVN),  Bojan Ul (SVN)  
Fourth Official: Bojan Mertik (SVN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vitor Melo Pereira (POR)
UEFA Delegate: Markus Stenger (GER)

Karabük, 19:00 CET
Kardemir Karabükspor (TUR) - Rosenborg BK (NOR)
Referee: Libor Kovarik (CZE)
Assistant Referees: Jiri Molacek (CZE), Krystof Mencl (CZE)
Fourth Official: Karel Hrubes (CZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Miroslav Vitkovic (CRO)
UEFA Delegate: Dušan Tittel (SVK)

Mlada Boleslav, 19:00 CET
FK Mladá Boleslav (CZE) - Olympique Lyonnais (FRA)
Referee: Tobias Welz (GER)
Assistant Referees: Thorsten Schiffner (GER), Rafael Foltyn (GER)
Fourth Official: Günter Perl (GER)
UEFA Referee Observer: Aleh Chykun (BLR)
UEFA Delegate: Styrbjörn Oskarsson (FIN)

Zilina, 19:00 CET
AS Trenčín (SVK) - Hull City (ENG)
Referee: Davide Massa (ITA)
Assistant Referees: Gianluca Cariolato (ITA), Francesco De Luca (ITA)
Fourth Official: Dino Tommasi (ITA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Frank De Bleeckere (BEL)
UEFA Delegate: Teuvo Holopainen (FIN)

Gothenburg, 19:00 CET
IFK Göteborg (SWE) - Rio Ave FC (POR)
Referee: Fernando Teixeira Vitienes (ESP)
Assistant Referees: Victoriano Díaz Casado (ESP),  Manuel Ángel Torre Cimiano (ESP)
Fourth Official: Ignacio Iglesias Villanueva (ESP)
UEFA Referee Observer: Andreas Schluchter (SUI)
UEFA Delegate: Alan McRae (SCO)

Borisov, 19:00 CET
FC Dinamo Minsk (BLR) - CFR 1907 Cluj (ROU)
Referee: Martin Hansson (SWE)
Assistant Referees: Magnus Sjöblom (SWE), Joakim Flink (SWE)
Fourth Official: Glenn Nyberg (SWE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Charles Agius (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: George Pirtskhalava (GEO)

Kyiv, 19:30 CET
FC Zorya Luhansk (UKR) - Molde FK (NOR)
Referee: Harald Lechner (AUT)
Assistant Referees: Andreas Staudinger (AUT), Maximilian Kolbitsch (AUT)
Fourth Official: Gerhard Grobelnik (AUT)
UEFA Referee Observer: Michel Piraux (BEL)
UEFA Delegate: Dr. Rainer Koch (GER)

Bern, 19:30 CET
BSC Young Boys (SUI) - Ermis Aradippou FC (CYP)
Referee: Clayton Pisani (MLT)
Assistant Referees: Alan Camilleri (MLT), Edward Spiteri (MLT)
Fourth Official: Fyodor Zammit (MLT)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jouni Hyytiä (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Charles John Grundie (NIR)

Ploiești, 20:00 CET
FC Petrolul Ploiești (ROU) - FC Viktoria Plzeň (CZE)
Referee: Anthony Taylor (ENG)
Assistant Referees: Gary Beswick (ENG), John Brooks (ENG)
Fourth Official: Jonathan Moss (ENG)
UEFA Referee Observer: Kaj Natri (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Carmel Bartolo (MLT) 

Tórshavn, 20:00 CET
Víkingur (FRO) - HNK Rijeka (CRO)
Referee: Dimitar Meckarovski (MKD)
Assistant Referees: Marjan Kirovski (MKD), Dejan Kostadinov (MKD) 
Fourth Official: Dejan Jakimovski (MKD)
UEFA Referee Observer: Dušan Krchnak (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Jean-François Crucke (BEL)

Waregem, 20:00 CET
SV Zulte Waregem (BEL) - FC Shakhtyor Soligorsk (BLR)
Referee: Firat Aydinus (TUR)
Assistant Referees: Serkan Ok (TUR), Aleks Tascioglu (TUR)
Fourth Official: Tolga Özkalfa (TUR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Tony Asumaa (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Gudmundur Petursson (ISL)

Split, 20:00 CET
RNK Split (CRO) - FC Chernomorets Odessa (UKR)
Referee: Marcin Borski (POL)
Assistant Referees: Rafal Rostkowski (POL), Krzysztof Myrmus (POL)
Fourth Official: Jaroslaw Rynkiewicz (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Plarent Kotherja (ALB)
UEFA Delegate: Jacques Antenen (SUI)

Gardabaer, 20:30 CET
Stjarnan (ISL) - KKS Lech Poznań (POL)
Referee: Ognjen Valjić (BIH)
Assistant Referees: Dalibor Drašković (BIH), Haris Baković (BIH)
Fourth Official: Edin Jakupović (BIH)
UEFA Referee Observer: Francesco Bianchi (SUI)
UEFA Delegate: Philippe Prudhon (FRA)

Mainz, 20:30 CET
1. FSV Mainz 05 (GER) - Asteras Tripolis FC (GRE
Referee: Manuel Jorge Neves Moreira De Sousa (POR)
Assistant Referees: Bertino Cunha Miranda (POR), Alvaro Daniel Carvalho Mesquita (POR) 
Fourth Official: Marco Bruno Santos Ferreira (POR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Luciano Luci (ITA)
UEFA Delegate: David Roger Griffiths (WAL)

Debrecen, 20:30 CET
Diósgyőri VTK (HUN) - FC Krasnodar (RUS)
Referee: Bülent Yildirim (TUR)
Assistant Referees: Volkan Narinç (TUR), Asim Yusuf Öz (TUR)
Fourth Official: Mustafa Ilker Coskun (TUR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Asim Khudiyev (AZE)
UEFA Delegate: Graham Hover (ENG)

Bruges, 20:30 CET
Club Brugge KV (BEL) - Brøndby IF (DEN)
Referee: Vladislav Bezborodov (RUS)
Assistant Referees: Nikolai Golubev (RUS), Maksim Gavrilin (RUS)
Fourth Official: Sergey Ivanov (RUS)
UEFA Referee Observer: Miroslav Tulinger (CZE)
UEFA Delegate: Karl Espen Eriksen (NOR)

Sarajevo, 20:30 CET
FK Sarajevo (BIH) - Atromitos FC (GRE)
Referee: Ivaylo Stoyanov (BUL) 
Assistant Referees: Ivo Kolev (BUL), Veselin  Dobriyanov (BUL)
Fourth Official: Georgi Kabakov (BUL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Tomasz Mikulski (POL)
UEFA Delegate: Oleg Harlamov (EST)

San Sebastián, 20:30 CET
Real Sociedad de San Sebastián (ESP) - Aberdeen FC (SCO)
Referee: Bastian Dankert (GER)
Assistant Referees: Markus Haecker (GER), Christian Fischer (GER)
Fourth Official: Guido Winkmann (GER)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vladimir Antonov (MDA)
UEFA Delegate: Dariusz Pawel Dziekanowski (POL)

Perth, 20:45 CET
Saint Johnstone FC (SCO) - FC Spartak Trnava (SVK)
Referee: Mattias Gestranius (FIN)
Assistant Referees: Jan-Peter Aravirta (FIN), Mikko Alakare (FIN)
Fourth Official: Dennis Antamo (FIN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Milovan Nikolic (SVN)
UEFA Delegate:Emil Ubias (CZE)

Salzburg, 21:05 CET
SV Grödig (AUT) - FC Zimbru Chişinău (MDA)
Referee: Simon Lee Evans (WAL)
Assistant Referees: John Bryn Roberts (WAL), Gareth Wyn Jones (WAL)
Fourth Official: Huw Jones (WAL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jari Maisonlahti (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Targo Kaldoja (EST)
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25 July 2014

Understanding The Advantage Rule

Referees apply the Laws of the Game in order to protect the game. However, one of our primar goals should be also to function as football’s servant who is interested in promoting and enhancing the game.  

In order to avoid unnecessary stoppages during a football match, i.e. to provide it with as much fluency as possible, referees have the opportunity to allow play to go on even in the case of fouls and other infringements of the Laws of the Game, if there is a clear benefit for the attacking team whose player has been fouled. This is known as "Playing the Advantage" or just "Applying the Advantage Rule". As we have seen in Brazil, some referees are consistently struggling to appropiately understanding this rule though - and this should be reason enough for looking more into this quite complex topic.

The following thoughts are based on the Laws of the Game, UEFA's Practical Guidelines for Match Officials and, of course, own accents and video research. I hope you'll enjoy and profit from it.


Step 1 concerns the basic perception of whether an advantage comes into question at all. Prerequisite for allowing the play to go on is the likelihood or circumstance that the non-offending team stay…:

1. … in possession of the ball and
2. … in control of the ball.

Staying in possession of the ball is not enough to deem a player having a clear advantage. If e.g. a player is surrounded by opponents, struggling to keep the balance or almost stumbling on the ground, there is no advantage for him even if he still is in possession of the ball.
That’s why criteria no.2 is significantly relevant as well. Any player of the non-offending team, who is in possession of the ball, must be in full control of the ball as well. These criteria must be necessarily fulfilled (even though they are not sufficient!).

Game Advantage vs Ball Advantage

Step 2 demands more cognitive capabilities and match reading. You must develop a feeling for anticipating the action in the game.

By (law-)book, referees should consider several aspects when deciding either to apply an advantage or to stop play (see Law 5):
- the severity of the offense
- the position on the field of play
- the chances of an immediate, promising attack
- the atmosphere of the match

Here you can already see that Step 1 is not sufficient for the weighing-up process whether to apply an advantage or not.

There are two different types of advantages. In the following we will use the terms “Game Advantage” (in UEFA terminology: “Team Benefit”) and “Ball Advantage”.

1) Game Advantage = There will be a clear benefit for the attacking team fouled, if the referee allows play to continue.

Scenarios where clear team benefit often crops up: The attacking team fouled…
- … is about to start a promising counterattack, maybe even with a superior number of players
- … is clearly and dynamically moving towards the opponents’ penalty area
- … has already entered the penalty area
- … has an obvious goal-scoring opportunity
- … etc.

This means (vice-versa): If the referee does not apply the advantage rule despite a clear team benefit, such as one of the scenarios mentioned above, the team will draw a disadvantage from it. 

In this case, apply the advantage rule!

2) Ball Advantage = The non-offending team have no immediate benefit from letting play flow, inspite of being in possession of the ball. A free-kick would be a greater advantage for them.

Scenarios where ball advantage without clear team benefit often crops up: A player has ball, but no game advantage, if he e.g….
- … has played the ball back to his team’s own defensive rows just after the foul
- … has no opportunity to start a counterattack due to a poor position on the pitch
- … finds himself confronted with defenders putting pressure on him
- … etc.

This means: Possession of the ball is not always an advantage. Often times, a free-kick is the bigger advantage, specially considering the intensity and frequency with which teams at the highest level practice free-kicks in their everyday training. The closer an infringement is to the penalty area, the higher are the chances to even score goals from direct free-kicks. This circumstance should be definitely integrated into the referee’s judgment.

In this case, stop the game and do not apply the advantage rule!

How to detect a Team Benefit: Wait & See !

As pointed out, referees are reminded to take into consideration whether staying in possession (and even in control) of the ball really results in an advantage for the attacking team. But how to proceed in order to identify whether this is or is not the case?

Apply the Wait-and-See-Technique! 

This technique is usually used by assistant referees when taking offside or onside decisions but applies for referees as well. 
In many cases, you can relatively quickly see that there is no advantage at all – so the free-kick decision can be taken almost immediately. In other situations though, you should wait and see whether a team benefit comes into existence or not. Based on this evaluation process, either an advantage is played or play is stopped and the free-kick given (see the illustration below).

Communicate your decision appropiately!

Referees are particularly reminded to communicate their decision in a clear way. This involves visible and audible signals.

In the wait-and-see phase, it can be helpful to move your whistle already towards your mouth a) to publicly indicate that you are waiting for a possible team benefit and b) to be quicker with blowing the “delayed whistle” as soon as you recognize that there is no team benefit.

In the decision-process, referees either have to communicate an advantage decision with the appropiate arm gesture and additionally by their voice (shouting “Advantage!” e.g.), so that not only TV spectators but also the players on the field of play are aware that the foul had been seen and not just missed!

If the wait-and-see process results in the perception that there is no clear team benefit which would justify an advantage, the free-kick should be awarded with the Delayed Whistle (i.e. the whistle just comes with slight delay). 

You should use your body language to communicate this delayed whistle efficiently, e.g. 

- … by remaining a bit more static in your posture than usual during the wait-and-see process
- … by then dynamically turning, moving and pointing towards the place of the original infringement and
- … by verbally explaining to the players that you had waited for a possible advantage. 

If you fail to communicate your decision as recommended, players and supporters will hardly understand your decision or, even worse, interpret your delayed decision as a sign of insecurity or influenceability. At times, the way of communicating your decisions as a referee is more important than the quality of the decision taken (key word: impression management).

However, you should not exaggerate the wait-and-see-technique and the delayed whistle – the circumscribed process should be done within a few seconds (round about 3 seconds maximum). 
As soon as a teammate of the player fouled has received the ball and has a clear team benefit, but loses the ball because of his own technical incapability or by facing defenders 5 seconds after the tackle, there is no opportunity to penalize the original foul by using your delayed whistle, as the advantage has already become effective (but was just not used efficiently).

Limitations of Applying the Advantage Rule, even in Team Benefit Situations

You should now have understood the distinction between “Game Advantage”, where an advantage given likely results in a clear team benefit – mostly clearly promising attacks or obvious goal-scoring opportunies –, and “Ball Advantage”, where the non-offending team have no benefit from staying in possession of the ball.

It is however not that easy. The previous theoretical part underlies several practical and game-typical aspects. Not every team benefit situation should automatically result in your decision to play the advantage.

Referees are reminded to weigh up the team benefit with the benefit from keeping the game under control and the players under protection. 

Scenarios where this theory meets praxis are:

1) The offender has committed an offense requiring a yellow card (e.g. stopping a promising attack).
If there is a clear team benefit, i.e. if the non-offending team stays in ball possession and still has a promising attack, referees have the opportunity to apply the advantage rule, coming back to the offender and cautioning him afterwards, i.e. at the next stoppage. 
Important: It is recommended that referees should already indicate that the offender will be cautioned at the next stoppage verbally and/or non-verbally while passing the offender. You should make use of arm gestures to point to the offender and tell him "Next stoppage: Yellow Card!". This will prevent irritation when referees caution a player with e.g. 2 or 3 minutes delay - otherwise it might happen that nobody on the pitch will remember the incident, let alone those off the pitch including fans and the so-called experts on the commentary seats. And this also helps you in "selling" a double yellow card (= 2nd yellow card) in case of a further, bookable offense committed by the same player. By pointing to him during the advantage, everybody can understand the decision since it was clear right from the start of the advantage that the offender would get booked afterwards. 

2) The offender has committed a very reckless foul requiring a yellow card.
In such a case, referees should stop the game unless there is a very clear team benefit from applying the advantage, for example a very significant attacking or goal-scoring opportunity. Otherwise, he should use this opportunity to caution the offender, send a message to the other players by showing immediate presence and to check the safety condition of the player who has been fouled. 
Moreover, stopping play after hard tackles and restraining from playing the advantage can also prevent violent conducts such as retaliation. Referees, who demonstrate immediate presence at the centre of attention and quickly caution the offender, will have to cope with less cases of retaliation or frustration than those who leave these situations going on in their back while applying the advantage rule.

3) The offender has committed any offense which requires his 2nd yellow card or an offense which requires a direct red card, so that he has to be dismissed from the field of play.
In these cases, referees should not apply the advantage rule unless there is a clear goal-scoring opportunity. This guarantees an adequate card showing procedure and prevents the offender from significantly taking part in the following action after his 'sending-off-deserving' offense.

4) An offense is committed by a defender inside the penalty area and demands a penalty kick.
Referees are reminded to wait how play develops. Only if there is an obvious goal-scoring opportunity, an advantage should be applied in the penalty area. If a possible advantage obviously fails to materialize, the original offense should be penalized and a penalty kick has to be awarded.

5) An offense is committed in the midfield and the non-offending team is about to start a promising attack. The player fouled has suffered from an injury and stays on the ground.
In such cases, referees should weigh up the benefit for the team to start or continue their promising attack on the one hand with the benefit from stopping the game to allow immediate medical treatment for the player fouled on the other hand. 
Or, in other words: the benefit from protecting the players must outweigh the team benefit in order to stop the game. This depends on every single, individual situation and cannot be generalized. However, referees should be reminded on their duty to deal with head injuries as quickly as possible by stopping play immediately.

This was very much theory and I hope that you have seen that the advantage rule is much more complex than you could think. In the praxis, it looks like that:

Video Clips

This video clip demonstrates the correct application of the advantage rule. The referee waits and sees that there is a clear Team Benefit resulting from letting play flow given the attacking team's dynamic movement towards the opposite penalty area. The referee communicates his decision using the appropiate arm gesture. Assistant referees should be advised to wait with raising their flag for fouls close to their position, too, as nicely done in this clip.

In such cases, apply the advantage!

Contrary to the previous example, here the referee shows no awareness for the clear Team Benefit the non-offending team would draw from an advantage. The referee should allow play to continue and consider to caution the offender at the next stoppage, or at least issue a clear verbal warning when the ball is out of play next time.

In such cases, apply the advantage, you can caution the offender afterwards, too! 

This clip demonstrates an example of "Ball Advantage". While the gesture of the referee is not clear enough, we can assume that he plays an advantage in this situation. The non-offending team stay in control and possession of the ball, but the player fouled has played the ball back to a defender before he receives the tackle from behind. There is no Team Benefit and no Game Advantage, instead of an advantage, the referee should stop play and award a direct free-kick, which would be the bigger advantage for the non-offending team.
In such cases, award the free-kick and do not apply the advantage!

The referee plays a brilliant advantage leading to a winning goal by applying the wait-and-see-technique, i.e. by not whistling too early, and recognizes the Team Benefit from letting play flow. This Team Benefit is not visible at first glance, but demands that you wait and see how play develops. The referee succeeds in reading the behaviour of the Suisse player, i.e. he waits and sees that he wants to get up to his feet quickly, and does not want to stay on the ground, with the purpose to profitably use the superior number of players Switzerland have at that moment. Unfortunately, the referee does not caution the offender afterwards.

Both video clips show that the referee actually well identifies a possible Team Benefit. However, he does not use his delayed whistle properly and only fulfills the wait-part of the wait-and-see-process. He should see that (A) the attacking player quickly loses the ball after his teammate has been fouled and (B) that attacking player #17 is unable to reach the inaccurate pass of his teammate. As soon as (A) the defensive player gets into possession of the ball quickly and (B) it is clear that the ball will cross the sideline before #17 can get it, the referee should return to the original offense and award the free-kick by using the delayed whistle. Specially the first video shows an example where it is absolutely necessary to come back to the offender in any way. A delayed whistle, strong warning or even caution would be the appropiate way to deal with this infringement.

That's how you should use the delayed whistle:

In this situation, the referee correctly deploys the "wait-and-see-technique". At first he tries to play an advantage. As soon as it becomes clear that there is no team benefit for the non-offending team, as the player fouled lost his balance leading to an inaccurate pass to one of his teammates being put under pressure by defenders, the referee correctly returns to the original offense and applies the "delayed whistle".
Pay attention to his body language: his posture becomes more static to indicate that he is monitoring whether there will be a team benefit. Then he dynamically turns and points to the place of the original offense to communicate his decision in a convincing manner. Everybody understands what he has just decided!

This video clip shows a very good advantage procedure. At first, the referee identifies a clear Team Benefit: another attacker has received the ball despite the foul and is moving inside the penalty area, with a good angle to pull off a shot on goal or make a dangerous pass towards teammates. He is not put under pressure and has control of the ball. Therefore, the advantage applied has become effective and there is no need to return to the original offense as the non-offending team has already drawn their benefit from the advantage. The referee well communicates this circumstance via appropiate gestures.
You can argue that he should better award the free-kick considering the extremely good position close to the 16,5m-line. But in doubt, a player in a thus dangerous position in the penalty area should be judged as the bigger advantage.

In this case, the referee allows play to continue and applies an advantage. However, the original offense is a very reckless tackle demanding a yellow card and the immediate attention of the referee. In such cases, referees should definitely stop play unless there is an extremely clear promising attack or obvious goal-scoring opportunity. If this is not the case, like in this video, stop play, quickly caution the offender to set a sign and check the health condition of the player fouled.  

This example demonstrates what is meant by taking into account the "atmosphere of the match". Even though the position on the field of play is not the best, the player fouled is able to get quickly up on his feet and is willing to quickly bring the ball towards the opposite penalty area, where many teammates are waiting for their last chance to equalize. It was the 90+4th minute with a tight scoreline, no need for evitable stoppages! However, the referee should not forget to caution the offender afterwards (not to forget the offender, it is a good approach to repeat his number verbally or in the inner voice: "21. 21. 21.").

Here, the referee recognizes the clear holding offense slightly off the ball and allows play to continue, as a teammate of the player fouled has a very dynamic movement towards the goal so that the team have a very promising attack. For this reason, there is a clear Team Benefit (= Game Advantage). Nonetheless the referee should definitely caution the offender for the clear holding offense at the next stoppage.

I have found little examples of yellow cards which have been shown after an applied advantage. Check this example in a UEFA Europa League match (video minute 50:25, first half, to 51:30).

That's it - if you have other suitable videos or points to make, feel free to add them underneath the post.

What You Should Have Learnt 
Take Home Messages

1. The complexity of the Advantage Rule
2. Prerequisites of Applying the Advantage
3. The Distinction between “Goal Advantage” / “Team Benefit” and “Ball Advantage” – staying in ball possession is not enough! Not every advantage is an advantage...
4. The Wait-And-See-Technique to monitor possible Team Benefits
5. The Delayed Whistle and ways to communicate your Advantage / NO Advantage Decisions
6. Limitations of Team Benefit: When Advantages should not be applied
7. How to manage Disciplinary Sanctions in the context of the Advantage Rule
Continue Reading...

Champions League 2014/15 - Referee Appointments - 3rd Qualification Round (I)

These are the officials who will oversee the first legs of Champions League's 3rd Qualification Round. 

29 July 2014

Prague, 19:30 CET
AC Sparta Praha (CZE) - Malmö FF (SWE)
Referee: Halis Ozkahya (TUR)
Assistant Referees: Cem Satman (TUR), Ekrem Kan (TUR)
Fourth Official: Ali Palabiyik (TUR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Leslie Irvine (NIR)
UEFA Delegate: Adrian Titcombe (ENG)

Bratislava, 20:15 CET
ŠK Slovan Bratislava (SVK) - FC Sheriff (MDA)
Referee: Stephan Studer (SUI)
Assistant Referees: Sandro Pozzi (SUI), Jean-Yves Wicht (SUI)
Fourth Official: Sébastien Pache (SUI)
UEFA Referee Observer: Kaj Østergaard (DEN)
UEFA Delegate: José Guilherme Aguiar (POR)

Debrecen, 20:30 CET
Debreceni VSC (HUN) - FC BATE Borisov (BLR)
Referee: Szymon Marciniak (POL)
Assistant Referees: Pawel Sokolnicki (POL), Tomasz Listkiewicz (POL)
Fourth Official: Pawel Raczkowski (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Alain Hamer (LUX)
UEFA Delegate: Peadar Ryan (IRL)

30 July 2014

Aktobe, 17:00 CET
FC Aktobe (KAZ) - FC Steaua București (ROU)
Referee: Hüseyin Göcek (TUR)
Assistant Referees: Mustafa Emre Eyisoy (TUR), Orkun Aktas (TUR)
Fourth Official: Suleyman Abay (TUR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gevorg Hovhannisyan (ARM)
UEFA Delegate: Dimitri Bokeria (GEO)

Baku, 17:30 CET
FK Qarabağ Ağdam (AZE) - FC Salzburg (AUT)
Referee: Sergii Boiko (UKR, photo)
Assistant Referees: Oleksandr Voytyuk (UKR), Oleg Pluzhnyk (UKR) 
Fourth Official: Anatoliy Abdula (UKR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Oguz Sarvan (TUR)
UEFA Delegate: Kuanysh Kanapyanov (KAZ)

Helsinki, 18:00 CET
HJK Helsinki (FIN) - APOEL FC (CYP)
Referee: Pawel Gil (POL)
Assistant Referees: Piotr Sadczuk (POL), Marcin Borkowski (POL)
Fourth Official: Basrtosz Frankowski (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Adrian D. Casha (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: Ionel Piscanu (ROU)

Larnaca, 18:00 CET
AEL Limassol FC (CYP) - Football Club Zenit (RUS)
Referee: Marijo Strahonja (CRO)
Assistant Referees: Sinisa Premuzaj (CRO), Igor Krmar (CRO)
Fourth Official: Fran Jovic (CRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Dani Koren (ISR)
UEFA Delegate: Kazimierz Oleszek (POL)

Kyiv, 18:00 CET
FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk (UKR) - F.C. København (DEN)
Referee: Andre Marriner (ENG)
Assistant Referees: Darren Cann (ENG), Harry Lennard (ENG)
Fourth Official: Kevin Friend (ENG)
UEFA Referee Observer: Ichko Lozev (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Jean Paul Mievis (BEL)

Zurich, 19:00 CET
Grasshopper Club Zürich (SUI) - LOSC Lille (FRA)
Referee: Aleksei Eskov (RUS)
Assistant Referees: Dimitrii Mosiakin (RUS), Valeriy Danchenko (RUS)
Fourth Official: Mikhail Vilkov (RUS)
UEFA Referee Observer: Mehmet Murat Ilgaz (TUR)
UEFA Delegate: Dusko Grabovac (CRO)

Liege, 20:00 CET
R. Standard de Liège (BEL) - Panathinaikos FC (GRE)
Referee: Carlos Clos Gómez (ESP)
Assistant Referees: Javier Aguilar Rodríguez (ESP), Luis Fernando Marco Martínez (ESP)
Fourth Official: Santiago Jaime Latre (ESP)
UEFA Referee Observer: Michel Vautrot (FRA)
UEFA Delegate: Georg Lüchinger (LIE)

Rotterdam, 20:00 CET
Feyenoord (NED) - Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü (TUR)
Referee: Luca Banti (ITA)
Assistant Referees: Elenito Di Liberatore (ITA), Andrea Padovan (ITA)
Fourth Official: Andrea Gervasoni (ITA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Markus Nobs (SUI)
UEFA Delegate: Dennis Cruise (IRL)

Razgrad, 20:00 CET
PFC Ludogorets 1945 (BUL) - FK Partizan (SRB)
Referee: Kenn Hansen (DEN)
Assistant Referees: Lars Rix (DEN), David Vang Andersen (DEN)
Fourth Official: Jakob Kehlet (DEN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Kyros Vassaras (GRE)
UEFA Delegate: Leonid Kaloshin (RUS)

Aalborg, 20:15 CET
Aalborg BK (DEN) - GNK Dinamo (CRO)
Referee: Danny Makkelie (NED)
Assistant Referees: Davy Franciscus Goossens (NED), Bas Van Dongen (NED) 
Fourth Official: M. B. Martin Van den Kerkhof (NED)
UEFA Referee Observer: Drago Kos (SVN)
UEFA Delegate: Wolfgang Thierrichter (AUT)

Maribor, 20:30 CET
NK Maribor (SVN) - Maccabi Tel-Aviv FC (ISR)
Referee: Ivan Kruzliak (SVK)
Assistant Referees: Tomas Somolani (SVK), Ondrej Brendza (SVK)
Fourth Official: Peter Kralovic (SVK)
UEFA Referee Observer: Stefan Ormandjiev (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Léon Schelings (BEL)

Warsaw, 20:45 CET
Legia Warszawa (POL) - Celtic FC (SCO)
Referee: Pol Van Boekel (NED)
Assistant Referees: Charles John Schaap (NED),  Rob Van de Ven (NED)
Fourth Official: Edwin Van de Graaf (NED)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gylfi Thor Orrason (ISL)
UEFA Delegate: Milovan Đukanović (MNE)
Continue Reading...

24 July 2014

U-19 EURO 2014: Officials for Matchday 3

UEFA has released the appointments for Matchday 3 of 2014 UEFA U19 Final Tournament, held in Hungary.

25/07/2014, 18:00 CET, Budapest
Israel - Hungary (Group A)
Referee: Kevin Clancy (SCO)
Assistant referee 1: Yashar Abbasov (AZE)
Assistant referee 2: Gylfi Mar Sigurdsson (ISL)
Fourth official: Javier Estrada (ESP)

25/07/2014, 18:00 CET, Felcsut
Austria - Portugal (Group A)
Referee: Stephan Klossner (SUI)
Assistant referee 1: Wayne McDonnell (IRL)
Assistant referee 2: Henrik Larsen (DEN)
Fourth official: István Kovács (ROU)

25/07/2014, 20:15 CET, Papa
Serbia - Bulgaria (Group B)
Referee: Enea Jorgji (ALB)
Assistant referee 1: Darren England (ENG)
Assistant referee 2: Ivo Nadvornik (CZE)
Fourth official: Ádám Németh (HUN)

25/07/2014, 20:15 CET, Gyor
Germany - Ukraine (Group B)
Referee: Tore Hansen (NOR)
Assistant referee 1: Laurent Conotte (BEL)
Assistant referee 2: Evgeni Belski (KAZ)
Fourth official: Tamás Bognar (HUN)
Continue Reading...

Video Coaching: Stopping a Promising Attack 1


The following match situation is taken from Cameroon - Brazil (World Cup 2014) and belongs to the category Assessing the Level of Punishment.
You are warmly encouraged to participate in discussion by answering the poll or placing a comment. Our solution for this situation including the re-start of play will be published soon.


Green defensive player #12 clearly holds Yellow attacking player #7 and thus stops a promising attack. Players, who stop promising attacks, must be cautioned with a yellow card.

89% of the users agreed with this interpretation.

In this case, the referee did not caution the player given the early moment in the game and only warned him verbally. This can be helpful in matches where it is recommended to start with a clear leniency allowing the referee to increase the level of disciplinary sanctions in a stepwise manner. However, referees should be reminded that they should issue clear yellow cards regardless of the moment in the game. Keep in mind that it might be also helpful to set a clear signal right at the start of the play that the illegal interference of promising attack will not be tolerated throughout the match (otherwise the likelihood is high that players will repeat this kind of misconduct, as they did not get cautioned).

Players who are about to enter the penalty area from the side with dynamic pace are often in a dangerous position to pass the ball to a large number of teammates who can receive the ball. These scenarios mostly are promising attacks. 
Continue Reading...

21 July 2014

U-19 EURO 2014: Referees for Matchday 2

UEFA has published the appointments for Matchday 2 of 2014 UEFA U19 Final Tournament, held in Hungary.

22/07/2014, 18:00 CET, Papa
Germany - Serbia (Group B)
Referee: Javier Estrada (ESP)
Assistant referee 1: Henrik Larsen (DEN)
Assistant referee 2: Yashar Abbasov (AZE)
Fourth official: Stephan Klossner (SUI)

22/07/2014, 18:00 CET, Budapest
Austria - Israel (Group A)
Referee: Enea Jorgji (ALB)
Assistant referee 1: Gylfi Mar Sigurdsson (ISL)
Assistant referee 2: Wayne McDonnell (IRL)
Fourth official: Mihaly Fabian (HUN)

22/07/2014, 20:30 CET, Felcsut
Hungary - Portugal (Group A)
Referee: Tore Hansen (NOR)
Assistant referee 1: Evgeni Belski (KAZ)
Assistant referee 2: Ivo Nadvornik (CZE)
Fourth official: Kevin Clancy (SCO)

22/07/2014, 21:00 CET, Papa
Bulgaria - Ukraine (Group B)
Referee: István Kovács (ROU)
Assistant referee 1: Laurent Conotte (BEL)
Assistant referee 2: Darren England (ENG)
Fourth official: Tamás Bognar (HUN)

Observers in Hungary are:
Jozef Marko (SVK), Nikolay Levnikov (RUS), Sándor Piller (HUN) and László Vagner (HUN).
Continue Reading...

Europa League 2014/15 - Referee Appointments - 2nd Qualification Round (II)

These are the officials who will oversee the 40 second legs of Europa League's 2nd Qualification Round.

New on the FIFA list: Benoît Millot (FRA) will be observed by Italian Alfredo Trentalange

22 July 2014

Sarajevo, 21:00 CET
FK Željezničar (BIH) - FK Metalurg Skopje (MKD)
Referee: Mervyn Smyth  (NIR)
Assistant Referees: Andrew Neeson  (NIR), Stephen Bell  (NIR)
Fourth Official: Ian Mc Nabb  (NIR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vladimir Medved  (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Pat Quigley  (IRL)

24 July 2014

Karagandy, 14:30 CET
FC Shakhter Karagandy (KAZ) - FK Atlantas (LTU)
Referee: Dumitru Muntean (MDA)
Assistant Referees: Vitalli Gorbatov (MDA), Vasili Ermischin (MDA) 
Fourth Official: Alexandru Tean (MDA) 
UEFA Referee Observer: Muharrem Zihni Aksoy (TUR)
UEFA Delegate: Irakli Nakaidze (GEO)

Larnaca, 15:30 CET
Hapoel Beer-Sheva (ISR) - RNK Split (CRO)
Referee: João Capela (POR)
Assistant Referees: Paulo Soares (POR), Bruno Miguel Campos Rodrigues (POR)
Fourth Official: Rui Manuel Gomes Costa (POR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Tony Asumaa (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Jean-Louis Piette  (FRA)

Kouvola, 17:30 CET
Myllykosken Pallo-47 (FIN) - FC Dinamo Minsk (BLR)
Referee: Bryan David Markham-Jones (WAL)
Assistant Referees: Lewis Ross Edwards (WAL), Daniel Beckett (WAL)
Fourth Official: Brian James (WAL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gabriele De Gaetano (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: Dumitru Mihalache (ROU)

Nicosia, 18:00 CET
AC Omonia (CYP) - FK Budućnost Podgorica (MNE)
Referee: Oliver Drachta (AUT)
Assistant Referees: Matthias Winsauer (AUT),  Stefan Kuehr (AUT)
Fourth Official: Dieter Muckenhammer (AUT)
UEFA Referee Observer: Francesco Bianchi (SUI)
UEFA Delegate: Zvi Rosen (ISR)

Krasnodar, 18:00 CET
FC Krasnodar (RUS) - JK Sillamäe Kalev (EST)
Referee: Sándor Andó-Szabó (HUN)
Assistant Referees: Zsolt Attila Szpisják (HUN), János Medovarszki (HUN)
Fourth Official: Iványi Zoltán (HUN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gevorg Hovhannisyan (ARM)
UEFA Delegate: Jevgeņijs Miļevskis (LVA)

Haugesund, 18:00 CET
FK Haugesund (NOR) - FK Sarajevo (BIH)
Referee: Mihaly Fabian (HUN)
Assistant Referees: Gabor Eros (HUN), László Viszokai (HUN) 
Fourth Official: Jozsef Erdos (HUN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Robert Sedlacek (AUT) 
UEFA Delegate: Isak Mikladal (FRO)

Baku, 18:00 CET
Inter Baku PIK (AZE) - IF Elfsborg (SWE)
Referee: Stanivlasv Todorov (BUL) 
Assistant Referees: Ivo Kolev (BUL), Martin Venev (BUL)
Fourth Official: Nikolay Yordanov (BUL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gudmunder Ingi Jónsson  (ISL)
UEFA Delegate: Crawford Wilson (NIR)

Esbjerg, 19:00 CET
Esbjerg fB (DEN) - FC Kairat Almaty (KAZ)
Referee: Dennis Antamo (FIN)
Assistant Referees: Jukka Honkanen (FIN), Jonas Turunen (FIN) 
Fourth Official: Ville Nevalainen (FIN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Rodger Gifford (WAL)
UEFA Delegate: Sviatlana Hrynkevich (BLR)

Chisinau, 19:00 CET
FC Zimbru Chișinău (MDA) - PFC CSKA Sofia (BUL)
Referee: Marco Fritz (GER)
Assistant Referees: Marco Achmüller (GER), Dominik Schaal (GER)
Fourth Official: Guido Winkmann (GER)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jan W. Wegereef (NED)
UEFA Delegate: Alvaro Albino (POR)

Soligorsk, 19:00 CET
FC Shakhtyor Soligorsk (BLR) - Derry City FC (IRL)
Referee: Elmir Pilav (BIH)
Assistant Referees: Senad Ibrisimbegovic (BIH), Hrvoje Turudic (BIH)
Fourth Official: Goran Paradzik (BIH)
UEFA Referee Observer: Asim Khudiyev (AZE)
UEFA Delegate: Olzhas Abrayev (KAZ)

Vaduz, 19:00 CET
FC Vaduz (LIE) - Ruch Chorzów S.A. (POL)
Referee: Anar Salmanov (AZE)
Assistant Referees: Mubariz Hashimov (AZE), Vagif Musayev (AZE)
Fourth Official: Rahim Hasanov (AZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Cosimo Bolognino (ITA)
UEFA Delegate: Adonis Procopiou (CYP)

Larnaca, 19:00 CET
Hapoel Tel-Aviv FC (ISR) - FC Astana (KAZ)
Referee: Rob Rogers  (IRL)
Assistant Referees: Mark Gavin  (IRL), Ciaran Delaney  (IRL)
Fourth Official: Tomas Connolly  (IRL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Fritz Stuchlik  (AUT)
UEFA Delegate: Per Svärd  (SWE)

Tbilisi, 19:00 CET
FC Chikhura Sachkhere (GEO) - Bursaspor SK (TUR)
Referee: Tomasz Musial (POL)
Assistant Referees:  Radoslaw Siejka (POL), Sebastian Mucha (POL)
Fourth Official: Pawel Raczkowski (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Karel Bohunek (CZE)
UEFA Delegate: Lucien Kayser (LUX)

Solna, 19:00 CET
AIK (SWE) - Linfield FC (NIR)
Referee: Fredy Fautrel (FRA)
Assistant Referees: Philippe Jeanne (FRA), Mathieu Grosbost (FRA)
Fourth Official: Alexandre Castro (FRA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Stefano Podeschi (SMR)
UEFA Delegate:  Bujar Kasmi (ALB)

Liberec, 19:00 CET
FC Slovan Liberec (CZE) - MFK Košice (SVK)
Referee: Svein-Erik Edvartsen  (NOR)
Assistant Referees: Magnus Lundberg  (NOR) , Reidar Gundersen  (NOR)
Fourth Official: Anders Johansen  (NOR)  
UEFA Referee Observer: Zoran Petrović (SRB)
UEFA Delegate:  Zoran Cvrk (CRO)

Tromso, 19:00 CET
Tromsø IL (NOR) - Víkingur (FRO)
Referee: Gunnar Jarl Jónsson (ISL)
Assistant Referees: Sigurdur Oli Thorleifsson (ISL),  Birkir Sigurdarson (ISL)
Fourth Official: Thorvaldur Arnason (ISL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Stefan Messner (AUT)
UEFA Delegate:  Camelia Nicolae (ROU)

Vlora, 19:00 CET
KS Flamurtari (ALB) - FC Petrolul Ploiești (ROU)
Referee: Jan Valasek (SVK)
Assistant Referees: Tomas Vorel (SVK), Peter Chladek (SVK)
Fourth Official: Mario Vlk (SVK)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jari Maisonlahti (FIN)
UEFA Delegate:  Tobias Wolf (GER)

Salzburg, 19:00 CET
Sportverein Grödig (AUT) - FK Čukarički (SRB)
Referee: Orel Tsvika Grinfeeld (ISR)
Assistant Referees:  Shabtai Nahmias (ISR), Oren Bornshtein (ISR)
Fourth Official: Oren Simanian (ISR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Marian Ruzbarsky (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Danijel Jošt (SVN)

Poznan, 19:00 CET
KKS Lech Poznan (POL) - JK Nomme Kalju (EST)
Referee: Sebastian Costantin Coltescu (ROU)
Assistant Referees:  Sebastian Eugen Gheorghe (ROU),  Radu Adrian Stefan Ghinguleac (ROU)
Fourth Official: George Catalin Gaman (ROU)
UEFA Referee Observer: John Ferry (NIR)
UEFA Delegate: Martin Sturkenboom (NED)

Gothenburg, 19:00 CET
IFK Goteborg (SWE) - Gyori ETO FC (HUN)
Referee: Bartosz Frankowski (POL)
Assistant Referees:  Pawel Sokolnicki (POL), Jakub Winkler (POL)
Fourth Official: Pawel Pskit (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Andreas Schluchter (SUI)
UEFA Delegate:  Radenko Mijatovic (SVN)

Zlaté Moravce, 19:30 CET
FC Spartak Trnava (SVK) - FC Zestafoni (GEO)
Referee: Mete Kalkavan (TUR)
Assistant Referees: Serkan Ok (TUR), Ceyhun Sesiguzel (TUR)
Fourth Official: Tayfur Özkan (TUR)
UEFA Referee Observer:  Neale Barry (ENG)
UEFA Delegate:  Evangelos Mazarakis (GRE)

Kyiv, 19:30 CET
FC Zorya Luhansk (UKR) - KF Laçi (ALB)
Referee: Stavros Tritsonis (GRE)
Assistant Referees:  Polychronis Kostaras (GRE), Alexandros Grevenis (GRE)
Fourth Official: Michael Koukoulakis (GRE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Eyjolfur Olafsson  (ISL)  
UEFA Delegate: Stanislaw Speczik (POL)

Groningen, 19:30 CET
FC Groningen (NED) - Aberdeen FC (SCO)
Referee: Daniel Stefanski (POL)
Assistant Referees: Rafal Rostkowski (POL), Marcin Boniek (POL)
Fourth Official: Zbigniew Dobrynin (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Manuel Enrique Mejuto González (ESP)
UEFA Delegate:  Roland Tis (BEL)

Bydgoszcz, 20:00 CET
WKS Zawisza Bydgoszcz (POL) - SV Zulte Waregem (BEL)
Referee: Lee Probert (ENG)
Assistant Referees: Gary Beswick (ENG), Harry Lennard (ENG)
Fourth Official: Jonathan Moss (ENG)
UEFA Referee Observer: Nikolai Ivanov (RUS)
UEFA Delegate: Peter Lundström (FIN)

Tripoli Arkadia, 20:00 CET
Asteras Tripolis FC (GRE) - RoPS Rovaniemi (FIN)
Referee: Vitaliy Meshkov (RUS)
Assistant Referees: Dmitrii Mosiakin (RUS), Maksim Gavrilin (RUS)
Fourth Official: Alexander Egorov (RUS)
UEFA Referee Observer: Zbigniew Przesmycki (POL)
UEFA Delegate:  Kurt Zuppinger (SUI)

Sligo, 20:00 CET
Sligo Rovers FC (IRL) - Rosenborg BK (NOR)
Referee: Erik Lambrechts (BEL)
Assistant Referees: Jimmy Cremers (BEL), Karel De Rocker (BEL)
Fourth Official: Christophe Delacour (BEL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Lassin Isaksen (FRO)
UEFA Delegate: Markku Lehtola (FIN)

Novi Sad, 20:00 CET
FK Vojvodina (SRB) - AS Trencin (SVK)
Referee: Mads-Kristoffer Kristoffersen (DEN)
Assistant Referees: Henrik Sonderby (DEN), Jakob Bille (DEN)
Fourth Official: Michael Johansen (DEN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Milovan Nikolic (SVN)
UEFA Delegate: Miroslaw Ryszka (POL)

Split, 20:15 CET
HNK Hajduk Split (CRO) - Dundalk FC (IRL)
Referee: Ionuț Marius Avram (ROU)
Assistant Referees: Miklos Istvan Nagy (ROU), Valentin Gabriel Avram (ROU)
Fourth Official: Adrian Comanescu (ROU)
UEFA Referee Observer: Paulius Malžinskas  (LTU)
UEFA Delegate: Thomas Weyhing (GER)

Nyiregyhaza, 20:30 CET
Diosgyori VTK (HUN) -  PFC Litex  Lovech (BUL)
Referee: Nikolaj Hänni  (SUI)
Assistant Referees: Raffael Zeder  (SUI), Vital Jobin  (SUI)  
Fourth Official: Pascal Erlachner  (SUI) 
UEFA Referee Observer: Shmuel Shteif  (ISR)
UEFA Delegate: Petr Fousek  (CZE)

Siroki Brijeg, 20:30 CET
NK Široki Brijeg (BIH) - FK Mladá Boleslav (CZE)
Referee: Alan Mario Sant (MLT)
Assistant Referees: Alan Camilleri (MLT),  Roberto Vella (MLT)
Fourth Official: Christopher Lautier (MLT)  
UEFA Referee Observer: Alexey Spirin (RUS)
UEFA Delegate: István Huszár (HUN)

Budapest, 20:30 CET
Ferencvárosi TC (HUN) - HNK Rijeka (CRO)
Referee: Paolo Valeri (ITA)
Assistant Referees: Matteo Passeri (ITA), Filippo Meli (ITA)  
Fourth Official: Daniele Doveri (ITA)  
UEFA Referee Observer: Martin Iseli (SUI)
UEFA Delegate: Mike Foster (ENG)

Koper, 20:30 CET
FC Koper (SVN) - Neftci PFK (AZE)
Referee: Benoit Millot (FRA)
Assistant Referees: Stephan Luzi (FRA), Cyril Saint Cricq Lompre (FRA) 
Fourth Official:  Sébastien Moreira (FRA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Alfredo Trentalange (ITA)
UEFA Delegate:  Tormod Larsen (NOR)

Jagodina, 20:30 CET
FK Jagodina (SRB) - CFR 1907 Cluj (ROU)
Referee: Bastian Dankert (GER)
Assistant Referees:  Thorsten Schiffner (GER), Jan Seidel (GER)
Fourth Official: Sascha Stegemann (GER) 
UEFA Referee Observer: Leslie Irvine (NIR)
UEFA Delegate:  Luis Cuervas Del Real (ESP)

Nova Gorica, 20:30 CET
ND Gorica (SVN) - Molde FK (NOR)
Referee: Carlos Miguel Taborda Xistra (POR)
Assistant Referees: Nuno Felipe Dos Santos Tomás Pereira (POR), Nelson Carlos Cordeiro Moniz (POR) 
Fourth Official: Vasco Antonio Moreira dos Santos (POR)  
UEFA Referee Observer: Erol Ersoy (TUR)
UEFA Delegate: Ori Shilo (ISR)

Belfast, 20:45 CET
Crusaders FC (NIR) - IF Brommapojkarna (SWE)
Referee: Alan Bieri (SUI)
Assistant Referees: Johanns Vogel (SUI), Alain Heiniger (SUI)
Fourth Official: Sandro Scharer (SUI)
UEFA Referee Observer: Patritiu Abrudan (ROU)
UEFA Delegate: Márton Esterházy (HUN)

Perth, 20:45 CET
Saint Johnstone FC (SCO) - FC Luzern (SUI)
Referee: Jonathan Lardot (BEL)
Assistant Referees:  Frank Bleyen (BEL), Thibaud Nijssen (BEL)
Fourth Official: Denis Vanbecelaere (BEL) 
UEFA Referee Observer: Rusmir Mrkovic (BIH)
UEFA Delegate: Jaroslav Dudl (CZE)

St Pölten, 21:05 CET
SKN St. Pölten (AUT) - PFC Botev Plovdiv (BUL)
Referee: Jovan Kaludjerovic (MNE)
Assistant Referees: Danijel Devic (MNE), Dimitrije Mrgunovic (MNE)
Fourth Official: Mileta Scepanovic (MNE) 
UEFA Referee Observer: Luciano Luci (ITA)
UEFA Delegate: Andrea Akkelides (CYP)

Hafnarfjördur, 21:15 CET
FH (ISL) - FC Neman Grodno (BLR)
Referee: Nerijus Dunauskas (LTU)
Assistant Referees: Dovydas Suziedelis (LTU),  Vytenis Kazlauskas (LTU)
Fourth Official:  Jurij Paskovskij (LTU)
UEFA Referee Observer: Leif Lindberg (SWE)
UEFA Delegate: Francesca Sanzone (ITA)

Gardabaer, 21:15 CET
Stjarnan (ISL) - Motherwell FC (SCO)
Referee: Athanasios Giachos (GRE)
Assistant Referees: Michael Karsiotis (GRE), Dimitrios Tatsis (GRE)
Fourth Official: Andrea Pappas (GRE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Kaj Natri (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Gerhard Sager (SWE)
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Champions League 2014/15 - Referee Appointments - 2nd Qualification Round (II)

UEFA has chosen the following referees to oversee the Second Legs of  Champions League's Second Qualifier Round.

22 July 2014

Niksic, 17:30 CET
FK Sutjeska (MNE) - FC Sheriff (MDA)
Referee: Alexander Harkam  (AUT)
Assistant Referees: Andreas Witschnigg  (AUT) , Andreas Staudinger  (AUT)
Fourth Official: Rene Eisner  (AUT)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gylfi Thor Orrason  (ISL)
UEFA Delegate: Benny Jacobsen (DEN)

Tallinn, 18:00 CET
FC Levadia Tallinn (EST) - AC Sparta Praha (CZE)
Referee: Antonio Damato (ITA)
Assistant Referees: Lorenzo Manganelli (ITA), Fabiano Preti (ITA) 
Fourth Official: Gianpaolo Calvarese (ITA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Alan Snoddy (NIR)
UEFA Delegate: Joël Wolff  (LUX)

Dudelange, 18:00 CET
F91 Dudelange (LUX) - PFC Ludogorets 1945 (BUL)
Referee: Tobias Welz (GER)
Assistant Referees: Guido Kleve (GER), Rafael Foltyn (GER)
Fourth Official: Markus Schmidt (GER)
UEFA Referee Observer: Nuno Castro (POR)
UEFA Delegate: Eduard Dervishaj (ESP)

Baku, 18:30 CET
FK Qarabağ Ağdam (AZE) - Valletta FC (MLT)
Referee: Sergei Tsinkevich  (BLR)
Assistant Referees: Evgeni Romanov  (BLR), Vitali Malyutin  (BLR) 
Fourth Official: Denis Scherbakov  (BLR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Levan Paniashvili  (GEO)
UEFA Delegate: Andrian Ixari  (MDA)

Larnaca, 19:30 CET
Maccabi Tel-Aviv FC (ISR) - FC Santa Coloma (AND)
Referee: Ioannis Anastasiou  (CYP)
Assistant Referees: Athinodoros Ioannou  (CYP), Marios Dimitriadis  (CYP)
Fourth Official: Demetris Masias  (CYP)
UEFA Referee Observer: Borislav Alexandrov  (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Richard Havrilla  (SVK)

Rhyl, 19:45 CET
The New Saints FC (WAL) - ŠK Slovan Bratislava (SVK)
Referee: Jakob Kehlet (DEN)
Assistant Referees: Lars Rix (DEN), Heine Sørensen (DEN)
Fourth Official: Jens Maae  (DEN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Edward Foley  (IRL)
UEFA Delegate: Danilo Filacchione (ITA)

Korce, 20:00 CET
KS Skënderbeu (ALB) - FC BATE Borisov (BLR)
Referee: Ante Vučemilović  (CRO)
Assistant Referees: Dalibor Conjar  (CRO), Hrvoje Barišić  (CRO)
Fourth Official: Damir Batinić  (CRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Brian Lawlor  (WAL)
UEFA Delegate: Christian Mutschler  (SUI)

Tórshavn, 20:00 CET
HB Tórshavn (FRO) - FK Partizan (SRB)
Referee: Dimitar Meckarovski  (MKD)
Assistant Referees: Dejan Nedelkoski  (MKD), Goce Petreski  (MKD)
Fourth Official: Dejan Jakimovski  (MKD)
UEFA Referee Observer: Miroslav Liba  (CZE)
UEFA Delegate: Sune Hellströmer  (SWE)

Vilnius, 20:15 CET
VMFD Žalgiris (LTU) - GNK Dinamo (CRO)
Referee: Artyom Kuchin  (KAZ)
Assistant Referees: Sergei Vassyutin  (KAZ), Anatoli Hodin  (KAZ)
Fourth Official: Aleksandr Gauzer  (KAZ)
UEFA Referee Observer: Peter Jones  (ENG)
UEFA Delegate: Michał Listkiewicz  (POL)

Debrecen, 20:30 CET
Debreceni VSC (HUN) - Cliftonville FC (NIR)
Referee: Vlado Glodjović  (SRB)
Assistant Referees: Dejan Petrović  (SRB), Dejan Potoćan  (SRB)
Fourth Official: Dejan Santrac (SRB)
UEFA Referee Observer: Adrian D. Casha  (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: Jacob Erel  (ISR)

Edinburgh, 20:45 CET
Celtic FC (SCO) - KR (ISL)
Referee: Andris Treimanis  (LVA, photo)
Assistant Referees: Haralds Gudermanis  (LVA), Aleksejs Spasjonnikovs  (LVA) 
Fourth Official: Vadims Direktorenko  (LVA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Kyros Vassaras  (GRE)
UEFA Delegate: Gunther De Saedeleer  (BEL)

23 July 2014

Aktobe, 17:00 CET
FC Aktobe (KAZ) - FC Dinamo Tbilisi (GEO)
Referee: Aliyar Aghayev (AZE)
Assistant Referees:  Zeynal Zeynalov (AZE), Namik Huseynov (AZE)
Fourth Official: Rauf Jabarov (AZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vladimir Antonov (MDA)
UEFA Delegate: Octavian Goga (ROU)

Ventspils, 18:00 CET
FK Ventspils (LVA) - Malmö FF (SWE)
Referee: Kristo Tohver (EST)
Assistant Referees: Sten Klaasen (EST),  Neeme Neemlaid (EST)
Fourth Official: Roomer Tarajev (EST)
UEFA Referee Observer: Konrad Plautz (AUT)
UEFA Delegate: Nebojša Ivković (SRB)

Helsinki, 18:00 CET
HJK Helsinki (FIN) - FK Rabotnicki (MKD)
Referee: Neil Doyle (IRL)
Assistant Referees: Damien MacGraith (IRL), Dermot Broughton (IRL)
Fourth Official: Padraigh Sutton (IRL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Guy Goethals (BEL)
UEFA Delegate: Oleg Harmalov (EST)

Bucharest, 19:30 CET
FC Steaua București (ROU - Strømsgodset Toppfotball (NOR)
Referee: Eitan Shmuelevitz (ISR)
Assistant Referees: Danny Krasikow (ISR), Nissan Davidy (ISR)  
Fourth Official: Alon Yefet (ISR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vitor Melo Pereira (POR)
UEFA Delegate: Andrew Shaw (ENG)
Maribor, 20:00 CET
NK Maribor (SVN) - HŠK Zrinjski Mostar (BIH)
Referee: Sergey Lapochkin (RUS)
Assistant Referees: Nikolay Golubev (RUS), Aleksei Lebedev (RUS) 
Fourth Official: Mikhail Vilkov (RUS)
UEFA Referee Observer: Peter Fröjdfeldt (SWE)
UEFA Delegate: Mark Blackbourne (ENG)

Dublin, 20:45 CET
Saint Patrick's Athletic FC (IRL) - Legia Warszawa (POL)
Referee: Andreas Ekberg (SWE) 
Assistant Referees: Fredrik Nilsson (SWE), Mehmet Culum (SWE) 
Fourth Official: Johan Hamlin (SWE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Stefan Ormandjiev (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Dr. Rainer Koch (GER)
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