The following match situation is taken from Germany - Argentina (World Cup final 2014) and belongs to the category Assessing the Level of Punishment.
You are warmly encouraged to participate in discussion by answering the poll or placing a comment. Our solution for this situation including the re-start of play will be published soon.
Green goalkeeper #1 makes unfair contact with an opponent by jumping at Blue #9 while or shortly after clearing the ball with his fist. Given the raised right knee, height and location of the contact (neck) and very high intensity as well as speed of the collision caused by the goalkeeper, he clearly endangered the safety of his opponent and used excessive force. The referee should have awarded a penalty kick for the attacking team and a red card against the goalkeeper.
An important criteria to determine whether a goalkeeper or any other player on the field of play has jumped at an opponent with excessive force are his raised knee(s) which often cause serious injuries. The circumstance that the goalkeeper successfully cleared the ball plays NO role in the assessment of the force he used when making the unfair contact with the opponent.
This interpretation has been approved by (inter-)national referee observers whom we consulted. However, UEFA's Referee Committee's directive is: No Foul, throw-in, because the ball was played.
Only 17% of the users agreed with our interpretation, while 59% did not notice a punishable offence in this collision (further 19% agreed with the penalty kick but deemed the goalkeeper's conduct as reckless, only requiring a yellow card).