June 30, 2014

Busacca's Nonsense Positioning Instructions Provoke Wrong Penalty Area Decisions

- 7 Comments
After the opener game and the immensely debated penalty kick given to the Brazilians by Yuichi Nishimura, I posted an analysis that tried to explain why exactly the Japanese professional referee failed to properly identify Fred's simulation.

FIFA's Referee Department Head: Massimo Busacca © n24.de

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June 29, 2014

Jonas Eriksson and Djamel Haimoudi will control Matches 55 & 56

- 75 Comments
Jonas Eriksson and Djamel Haimoudi have been assigned to take charge of the enclosing Round of 16 matches at World Cup 2014.


ROUND OF 16, Match 55
01 July 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Corinthians, Sao Paulo
ARGENTINA - SWITZERLAND
Referee: Jonas ERIKSSON (SWE)
Assistant Referee 1: Mathias KLASENIUS (SWE)
Assistant Referee 2: Daniel WÄRNMARK (SWE)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Carlos (COL)

ROUND OF 16, Match 56
01 July 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador
BELGIUM - UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Referee: Djamel HAIMOUDI (ALG)
Assistant Referee 1: Rédouane ACHIK (MAR)
Assistant Referee 2: Abdelhak ETCHIALI (ALG)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Aden Marwa RANGE (KEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Philipp (GER)
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Europa League 2014/15 - Referee Appointments - 1st Qualification Round (I)

- 14 Comments
UEFA has chosen the following referees to oversee the First Legs of Europa League's First Qualifier Round. Some interesting names are among them, e.g. Antti Munukka taking charge of a match in Wales and Terje Hauge observing a 1976 born Spaniard who obviously needs some preparation before he is going to attend UEFA Under-19 European Championship in Hungary.


1 July 2014

Ta'Qali, 17:45 CET
Sliema (MLT) - Ferencváros (HUN)
Referee: Arnold Hunter (NIR)
Assistant Referees: Richard Storey (NIR), David Anderson (NIR)
Fourth Official: Tim Marshall (NIR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Jan Carlsen (DEN)
UEFA Delegate: Ivan Lekov (BUL)

Esch-sur-Alzette, 17:45 CET
AS Jeunesse Esch (LUX) - Dundalk FC (IRL)
Referee: Lorenc Jemini (ALB)
Assistant Referees: Egin Doda (ALB), Ilir Tartaraj (ALB)
Fourth Official: Blerim Ziri (ALB)
UEFA Referee Observer:
UEFA Delegate: Roland Tis (BEL)

Skopje, 18:00 CET
FC Shkendija (MKD) - FC Zimbru (MDA)
Referee: Jonathan Lardot (BEL)
Assistant Referees: Jimmy Cremers (BEL), Karel De Rocker (BEL)
Fourth Official: Nicolas Laforge (BEL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Manuel López Fernández (ESP)
UEFA Delegate: Benny Jacobsen (DEN)

3 July 2014

Yerevan, 16:00 CET
Pyunik (ARM) - Astana (KAZ)
Referee: Tomasz Musial (POL)
Assistant Referees: Radoslaw Siejka (POL), Tomasz Listkiewicz (POL)
Fourth Official: Pawel Raczkowski (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: László Vagner (HUN)
UEFA Delegate: Gunther De Saedeleer (BEL)

Gyumri, 16:00 CET
Shirak (ARM) - Shakhter (KAZ)
Referee: Yuriy Mozharovskyy (UKR)
Assistant Referees: Igor Bytskalo (UKR), Igor Al'okhin (UKR)
Fourth Official: Vitaliy Romanov (UKR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Dusan Krchnak (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Adrian Ixari (MDA)

Almaty, 16:00 CET
Kairat (KAZ) - Kukesi (ALB)
Referee: Rahim Hasanov (AZE)
Assistant Referees: Yashar Abbasov (AZE), Rza Mammadov (AZE)
Fourth Official: Anar Salmanov (AZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Erol Ersoy (TUR)
UEFA Delegate: Siarhei Ilych (BLR)

Orhei, 16:30 CET
Veris (MDA) - Litex Lovech (BUL)
Referee: Mitja Zganec (SVN)
Assistant Referees: Tomaz Klancnik (SVN), Manuel Vidali (SVN)
Fourth Official: Asmir Sagrkovic (SVN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Ilkka Koho (FIN)
UEFA Delegate: Artur Azaryan (ARM)

Qäbälä, 17:00 CET
Qäbälä (AZE) - Siroki Brijeg (BIH)
Referee: Artyom Kuchin (KAZ)
Assistant Referees: Yevgeniy Belskiy (KAZ), Rustam Suyunov (KAZ)
Fourth Official: Denis Izmaylov (KAZ)
UEFA Referee Observer: Cornelius "Cees" Bakker (NED)
UEFA Delegate: Irakli Nakaidze (GEO)

Tartu, 17:00 CET
Santos Tartu (EST) - Tromsö (NOR)
Referee: Michael Lerjeus (SWE)
Assistant Referees: Magnus Sjöblom (SWE), Peter Magnusson (SWE)
Fourth Official: Kristoffer Karlsson (SWE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Aleh Chykun (BLR)
UEFA Delegate: Markku Lehtola (FIN)

Gargzdai, 17:00 CET
Banga (LTU) - Sligo Rovers (IRL)
Referee: Suren Baliyan (ARM)
Assistant Referees: Vanik Simonyan (ARM), Erik Arevshatyan (ARM)
Fourth Official: Zaven Hovhannisyan (ARM)
UEFA Referee Observer: Antonio Manuel Almeida Costa (POR)
UEFA Delegate: Márton Esterházy (HUN)

Kouvola, 17:30 CET
MYPA (FIN) - IF (FRO)
Referee: Sergiu Derenov (MDA)
Assistant Referees: Andrei Bodean (MDA), Serghei Trofan (MDA)
Fourth Official: Dumitru Muntean (MDA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Marcel Vanelshocht (BEL)
UEFA Delegate: Gudmundur Petursson (ISL)

Niksic, 17:30 CET
Celik Niksic (MNE) - FC Koper (SVN)
Referee: Daniel Stefanski (POL)
Assistant Referees: Rafal Rostkowski (POL), Marcin Boniek (POL)
Fourth Official: Bartosz Frankowski (POL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Leslie Irvine (NIR)
UEFA Delegate: Christian Schmölzer (AUT)

Rakvere, 17:30 CET
Sillamäe (EST) - Honka (FIN)
Referee: Petur Reinert (FRO)
Assistant Referees: Jan A Lidarenda (FRO), Andrew Christiansen (FRO)
Fourth Official: Dagfinn Fornà (FRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Gevorg Hovhannisyan (ARM)
UEFA Delegate: Octavian Goga (ROU)

Skopje 18:00 CET
Turnovo (MKD) - Chikhura (GEO)
Referee: Ádám Németh (HUN)
Assistant Referees: Zsolt Varga (HUN), Oszkar Lemón (HUN)
Fourth Official: Zsolt Szabo (HUN)
UEFA Referee Observer: John Fleming (SCO)
UEFA Delegate: Markus Stenger (GER)

Andorra la Vella, 18:00 CET
UE Santa Coloma (ARM) - Metalurg Skopje (MKD)
Referee: Tihomir Pejin (CRO)
Assistant Referees: Goran Pataki (CRO), Dejan Berger (CRO)
Fourth Official: Fran Jovic (CRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Eyjolfur Olafsson (ISL)
UEFA Delegate: Barry Bright (ENG)

Valkeakoski, 18:00 CET
VPS (FIN) - Brommapojkarna (SWE)
Referee: Tore Hansen (NOR)
Assistant Referees: Tom Harald Grövenik (NOR), Geir Oskar Isaksen (NOR)
Fourth Official: Ola Hobber Nilsen (NOR)
UEFA Referee Observer:
UEFA Delegate: Crawford Wilson (NIR)

Burgas, 18:45 CET
Botev Plovdiv (BUL) - Libertas (SMR)
Referee: Edin Jakupovic (BIH)
Assistant Referees: Senad Ibrisimbegovic (BIH), Sreten Udovicic (BIH)
Fourth Official: Ognjen Valjic (BIH)
UEFA Referee Observer: Nicolae Grigorescu (ROU)
UEFA Delegate: Zvi Rosen (ISR)

Vaduz, 19:00 CET
Vaduz (LIE) - College Europa (GIB)
Referee: Johnny Casanova (SMR)
Assistant Referees: Massimo Zanotti (SMR), Andrea Guidi (SMR)
Fourth Official: Leonardo Guidi (SMR)
UEFA Referee Observer: Niklas A Lídarenda (FRO)
UEFA Delegate: David McDowell (SVN)

Trondheim, 19:00 CET
Rosenborg (NOR) - Jelgava (LVA)
Referee: Adrien Jaccottet (SUI)
Assistant Referees: Sandro Pozzi (SUI), Remy Zgraggen (SUI)
Fourth Official: Sébastien Pache (SUI)
UEFA Referee Observer: Alexandru Deaconu (ROU)
UEFA Delegate: Michael Appleby (ENG)

Göteborg, 19:00 CET
Göteborg (SWE) - Fola Esch (LUX)
Referee: Nikola Dabanovic (MNE)
Assistant Referees: Veslin Radunovic (MNE), Jovica Tatar (MNE)
Fourth Official: Milos Novovic (MNE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Siegfried Kirschen (GER)
UEFA Delegate: Richard Havrilla (SVK)

Tbilisi, 19:00 CET
Sioni (GEO) - Flamurtari (ALB)
Referee: Kristo Tohver (EST)
Assistant Referees: Sten Klaasen (EST), Dmiri Vinogradov (EST)
Fourth Official: Juri Fischer (EST)
UEFA Referee Observer: Georgios Bikas (GRE)
UEFA Delegate: Orkhan Huseynzade (AZE)

Tiraspol, 19:00 CET
Tiraspol (MDA) - Inter Baki (AZE)
Referee: Ante Vucemilovic-Simunovic jr (CRO)
Assistant Referees: Dalibor Conjar (CRO), Hrvojr Barisic (CRO)
Fourth Official: Damir Batinic (CRO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Andrejs Sipailo (LVA)
UEFA Delegate: Olzhas Abrayev (KAZ)

Differdange, 19:30 CET
Differdange (LUX) - Atlantas (LTU)
Referee: Enea Jorgji (ALB)
Assistant Referees: Ridiger Cokaj (ALB), Rejdi Avdo (ALB)
Fourth Official: Ditmar Jubica (ALB)
UEFA Referee Observer: Sigurdur Hannesson (ISL)
UEFA Delegate: Philippe Prudhon (FRA)

Bangor, 19:45 CET
Broughton (WAL) - Haugesund (NOR)
Referee: Antti Munukka (FIN)
Assistant Referees: Jan-Peter Aravirta (FIN), Mikko Alakare (FIN)
Fourth Official: Mattias Gestranius (FIN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Salustia Chato (AND)
UEFA Delegate: Eduard Kindle (LIE)

Toftir, 20:00 CET
Vikingur (FRO) - Daugava (LVA)
Referee: Joao Capela (POR)
Assistant Referees: Paulo Alexandre Santos (POR), Tiago Almeida Rocha (POR)
Fourth Official: Cosme Cunha Machado (POR)
UEFA Referee Observer:
UEFA Delegate: Andrew Shaw (ENG)

Tórshavn, 20:00 CET
B36 (FRO) - Linfield (NIR)
Referee: Nikola Popov (BUL)
Assistant Referees: Ivan Valchev (BUL), Martin Margaritov (BUL)
Fourth Official: Georgi Yordanov (BUL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Vladimir Medved (SVK)
UEFA Delegate: Kris Bellon (BEL)

Celje, 20:00 CET
Rudar Velenje (SVN) - Laci (ALB)
Referee: George Vadachkoria (GEO)
Assistant Referees: Zaza Menteshashvili (GEO), Levan Varamishvili (GEO)
Fourth Official: Lasha Silagava (GEO)
UEFA Referee Observer: Costas Kapitanis (CYP)
UEFA Delegate: Sándor Berzi (HUN)

Split, 20:00 CET
Split (CRO) - Mika (ARM)
Referee: Bart Vertenten (BEL)
Assistant Referees: Frank Bleyen (BEL), Yves de Neve (BEL)
Fourth Official: Laurent Colemonts (BEL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Christos Skapoullis (CYP)
UEFA Delegate: Danilo Filacchione (ITA)

Ta'Qali, 20:00 CET
Hibernians (MLT) - Spartak Trnava (SVK)
Referee: Mark Whitby (WAL)
Assistant Referees: Gareth Wyn Jones (WAL), Martin Roberts (WAL)
Fourth Official: John Dean (WAL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Alexandrov Borislav (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Eduard Dervishaj (ESP)

Belgrade, 20:00 CET
Cuckaricki (SRB) - Sant Julià (AND)
Referee: Paul McLaughlin (IRL)
Assistant Referees: Mark Gavin (IRL), Emmett Dynan (IRL)
Fourth Official: Derek Tomney (IRL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Charles Agius (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: Steen Dahrup (DEN)

Serravalle, 20:30 CET
Folgore/Falciano (SMR) - Buducnost (MNE)
Referee: Thorvaldur Arnason (ISL)
Assistant Referees: Gylfi Mar Sigurdsson (ISL), Bryngeir Valdimarsson (ISL)
Fourth Official: Ivar Kristjansson (ISL)
UEFA Referee Observer: Victor Mintoff (MLT)
UEFA Delegate: Miroslaw Ryszka (POL)

Debrecen, 20:30 CET
Diósgyor (HUN) - Birkirkara (MLT)
Referee: Ignasi Villamayor Rozados (AND)
Assistant Referees: Laudino Lopez Fidalgo (AND), Hugo Ricardo Jourdan Pereira (AND)
Fourth Official: Robert González Salvado (AND)
UEFA Referee Observer: Cosimo Bolognino (ITA)
UEFA Delegate: Metin Tuncer (TUR)

Derry, 20:45 CET
Derry (NIR) - Aberystwyth (WAL)
Referee: Mads-Kristoffer Kristoffersen (DEN)
Assistant Referees: Dennis Rasmussen (DEN), Niels Hög (DEN)
Fourth Official: Michael Johansen (DEN)
UEFA Referee Observer: William Young (SCO)
UEFA Delegate: Cornel Cristian Bivolaru (ROU)

Aberdeen, 20:45 CET
Aberdeen (SCO) - Daugava (LVA)
Referee: Nicolas Rainville (FRA)
Assistant Referees: Laurent Stien (FRA), Philippe Jeanne (FRA)
Fourth Official: Amaury Delerue (FRA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Zdravko Jokic (SRB)
UEFA Delegate: Peter Lundström (FIN)

Belfast, 20:45 CET
Crusaders (NIR) - Ekranas (LTU)
Referee: Javier Estrada Fernández (ESP)
Assistant Referees: José Fernández Miranda (ESP), Francisco Martin Garcia (ESP)
Fourth Official: Santiago Jaime Latre (ESP)
UEFA Referee Observer: Terje Hauge (NOR)
UEFA Delegate: Svein Johannessen (NOR)

Stjörnuvöllur, 21:15 CET
Stjarnan (ISL) - Bangor (WAL)
Referee: Aleksandrs Anufrijevs (LVA)
Assistant Referees: Romans Platonovs (LVA), Aleksejs Griscenko (LVA)
Fourth Official: Aleksandrs Golubevs (LVA)
UEFA Referee Observer: Paulius Malzinskas (LTU)
UEFA Delegate: Pat Quigley (IRL)

Hafnarfjördur, 21:15 CET
FH (ISL) - Glenavon (NIR)
Referee: Zbynek Proske (CZE)
Assistant Referees: Jan Paták (CZE), Jiri Kriz (CZE)
Fourth Official: Karel Hrubes (CZE)
UEFA Referee Observer: Ichko Lozev (BUL)
UEFA Delegate: Per Svärd (SWE)

Reykjavik, 21:15 CET
Fram (ISL) - Kalju (EST)
Referee: Jari Järvinen (FIN)
Assistant Referees: Sami Nykänen (FIN), Jonas Turunen (FIN)
Fourth Official: Dennis Antamo (FIN)
UEFA Referee Observer: Stephen Lodge (ENG)
UEFA Delegate: Sune Hellströmer (SWE)

Sarajevo, 21:15 CET
Zeljeznicar (BIH) - Lovcen (MNE)
Referee: Marco Borg (MLT)
Assistant Referees: Edward Spiteri (MLT), Christopher Francalanza (MLT)
Fourth Official: Sandro Spiteri (MLT)
UEFA Referee Observer: John Ward (IRL)
UEFA Delegate: Bernd Barutta (GER)
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June 28, 2014

Mark Geiger and Sandro Ricci to oversee Matches 53 & 54

- 83 Comments
Sandro Ricci will take charge of the German national team for the second time at this World Cup in their Round of 16 match against Algeria. As for the earlier match, US American Mark Geiger has been assigned for France - Nigeria.



ROUND OF 16, Match 53
30 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Nacional, Brasilia
FRANCE - NIGERIA
Referee: Mark GEIGER (USA)
Assistant Referee 1: Sean Mark HURD (USA)
Assistant Referee 2: Joe FLETCHER (CAN)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)

ROUND OF 16, Match 54
30 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estadio Beíra-Rio, Porto Alegre
GERMANY - ALGERIA
Referee: Sandro RICCI (BRA)
Assistant Referee 1: Emerson DE CARVALHO (BRA)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcelo VAN GASSE (BRA)
Fourth Official: Walter LÓPEZ (GUA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Leonel LEAL (CRC)
Blog Referee Observer: Marcel (NED)
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Pedro Proença and Benjamin Williams to handle Matches 51 & 52

- 94 Comments
FIFA has designated the referee teams in charge of Sunday's Round of 16 matches.  



Portuguese Pedro Proença will take control over the match between Netherlands and Mexico, with Carlos Vera as fourth official. Later on, Benjamin Williams will be the man in the middle for  Costa Rica - Greece with Nawaf Shukralla as fourth official.


ROUND OF 16, Match 51
29 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Castelao, Fortaleza
NETHERLANDS - MEXICO
Referee: Pedro PROENÇA (POR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bertino MIRANDA (POR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tiago TRIGO (POR)
Fourth Official: Carlos VERA (ECU)
Standby Assistant Referee: Christian LESCANO (ECU)
Blog Referee Observer: Mile L. (AUT)

ROUND OF 16, Match 52
29 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Recife - Arena Pernambuco 
COSTA RICA - GREECE
Referee: Benjamin WILLIAMS (AUS)
Assistant Referee 1: Matthew CREAM (AUS)
Assistant Referee 2: Hakan ANAZ (AUS)
Fourth Official: Nawaf SHUKRALLA (BHR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Yaser TULEFAT (BHR)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER) 
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June 26, 2014

Webb and Kuipers to take charge of Matches 49 & 50

- 61 Comments
FIFA has designated the referee teams that are supposed to take charge of Saturday's all-South American Round of 16 matches.  



English Howard Webb will take control over the hosting nation Brazil's match against Chile - a tie he already oversaw at World Cup 2010 in the same stage of the competition (3:0) - with German Felix Brych as the fourth official. Later on, Dutch Champions League 2014 final referee Björn Kuipers has been assigned to handle Colombia - Uruguay with Norwegian Svein Oddvar Moen controlling the benches as the fourth official.


ROUND OF 16, Match 49 
28 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
BRAZIL - CHILE
Referee: Howard WEBB (ENG)
Assistant Referee 1: Michael MULLARKEY (ENG)
Assistant Referee 2: Darren CANN (ENG)
Fourth Official: Felix BRYCH (GER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Mark BORSCH (GER)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

ROUND OF 16, Match 50
28 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Maracanã - Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, Rio de Janeiro 
COLOMBIA - URUGUAY
Referee: Björn KUIPERS (NED)
Assistant Referee 1: Sander VAN ROEKEL (NED)
Assistant Referee 2: Erwin E.J. ZEINSTRA (NED)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE) 
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Video Training: Assessing the Level of Punishment - Serious Foul Play 2

- 2 Comments

The following match situation is taken from Uruguay - Costa Rica (World Cup 2014) and belongs to the category Assessing the Level of Punishment.
You are warmly encouraged to participate in discussion by answering the poll or placing a comment. Our solution for this situation including the re-start of play will be published on Saturday, 28 June.



Interpretation:
Blue #22 lunges into White #16 with a jump and his right foot stretched with studs shown. 
He thus makes unfair contact with #16's shinbone. For this reason he used excessive force and brutality and is guilty of serious foul play. The referee should send him off with a Red Card.

Restart of play: Direct free-kick from the position where the foul occurred.

Laws of the Game, p.126 in short:
"A player is guilty of serious foul play if he uses excessive force or brutality against an opponent when challenging for the ball when it is in play. A player who is guilty of serious foul play should be sent off."

89% of the voters agreed with this interpretation.
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Discussion About Refereeing In Group G & H Deciders

- 50 Comments
3/4 of this World Cup will have already passed away after today's finalizing matches in Groups G and H. Please discuss all relevant match situations and impressions you gained about the referee performances in this post!


GROUP G, Match 45
26 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Pernambuco, Recife
UNITED STATES - GERMANY
Referee: Ravshan IRMATOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 1: Abduxamidullo RASULOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 2: Bakhadyr KOCHKAROV (KGZ)
Fourth Official: ALIOUM (CMR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Djibril CAMARA (SEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)

GROUP G, Match 46
26 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Nacional, Brasilia
PORTUGAL - GHANA
Referee: Nawaf SHUKRALLA (BHR)
Assistant Referee 1: Yaser TULERAT (BHR)
Assistant Referee 2: Ebrahim SALEH (BHR)
Fourth Official: Wilmar ROLDÁN (COL)
Standby Assistant Referee: Humberto CLAVIJO (COL)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)

GROUP H, Match 47
26 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena de São Paulo, São Paulo
KOREA REP. - BELGIUM
Referee: Benjamin WILLIAMS (AUS)
Assistant Referee 1: Matthew CREAM (AUS)
Assistant Referee 2: Hakan ANAZ (AUS)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)
Blog Referee Observer: Nurudin (ENG)

GROUP H, Match 48
26 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena de Baixada, Curitiba
ALGERIA - RUSSIA
Referee: Cüneyt ÇAKIR (TUR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bahattin DURAN (TUR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tarik ONGUN (TUR)
Fourth Official: Joel AGUILAR (SLV)
Standby Assistant Referee: William TORRES MEJIA (SLV)
Blog Referee Observer: Marcel (NED)
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June 25, 2014

Video Training: Assessing the Level of Punishment - Serious Foul Play 1

- 15 Comments

The so far most controversial sending-off has definitely been issued in yesterday's Group D tie between Italy and Uruguay when Italian Marchisio was given his marching orders by Mexican match official Marco Rodríguez.

This match situation will be the starting shot for our video coaching section that will be strengthened and intensified in future to enhance the educational part of the blog for the benefit of referees active at all levels. Our interpretations will be always based on the guidelines given by FIFA and UEFA accessible through their virtually available Referee Assistance Programs.
Normally, you will have the opportunity to discuss the situation and answer a poll before the presentation of our solution. This time, we are directly giving our interpretation, as this match situation was already a main subject in yesterday's discussions.



Laws of the Game, p.126 in short:
"A player is guilty of serious foul play if he uses excessive force or brutality against an opponent when challenging for the ball when it is in play. A player who is guilty of serious foul play should be sent off."

Interpretation:
Blue #8 challenges his opponent White #17 and makes unfair contact with his leg with his studs shown. There is not any intent or chance to play the ball. The intensity of the challenge is not extremely high and there are no particular signs of high brutality, but nonetheless the tackle clearly endangers the safety of the opponent in a significant way. If the referee deems this as excessive force, he has to sent off the player with a red card.
However, referees are officially reminded to integrate the spirit of the game into their judgment so that there is some scope for interpretation making a yellow card acceptable under special circumstances (i.e., if the spirit of the game is normal as an example).
Though, we strongly welcome the decision taken by the referee to send off Blue #8 given the danger arousing from this type of tackles. Correct Red Card.

Referees should also be reminded on always striving for the best visual angle achieved by flexibly and anticipatively positioning and moving on the field of play. Marco Rodríguez was very close, actually too close, to perfectly identify the tackle and gauge the adequate disciplinary sanction. More distance is required to savour the best visual (sidewise) position possible.

Furthermore we would like to stress that both more determination and a stronger reaction to protests are definitely needed. There is no reason for the goalkeeper to leave his penalty area by 70 metres - not even being the team's captain - except if his intention is to calm down his teammates. What Buffon did was complaining only though.

The video is property of FIFA and is embedded from vimeo and not uploaded on this blog. It is used for educational purpose only and is not subject to any commercial use.
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Discussion About Refereeing In Group E & F Deciders

- 38 Comments
What is your opinion on the referee performances shown by the four referee teams acting in today's Group E and Group F deciders? How would you have decided in crucial situations? Discuss it here please!



GROUP F, Match 43
25 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Beíra-Rio, Porto Alegre
NIGERIA - ARGENTINA
Referee: Nicola RIZZOLI (ITA)
Assistant Referee 1: Renato FAVERANI (ITA)
Assistant Referee 2: Andrea STEFANI (ITA)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Carlos S (COL)

GROUP F, Match 44
25 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA - IRAN
Referee: Carlos VELASCO CARBALLO (ESP)
Assistant Referee 1: Roberto ALONSO FERNÁNDEZ (ESP)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Carlos YUSTE JIMÉNEZ (ESP)
Fourth Official: Enrique OSSES (CHI)
Standby Assistant Referee: Carlos Alexis ASTROZA (CHI)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

GROUP E, Match 41
25 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Amazônia, Manaus
HONDURAS - SWITZERLAND
Referee: Néstor PITANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 1: Hernán MAIDANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Pablo BELATTI (ARG)
Fourth Official: Milorad MAZIC (SRB)
Standby Assistant Referee: Milovan RISTIC (SRB)
Blog Referee Observer: Hagi (GER)

GROUP E, Match 42
25 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estadio Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
ECUADOR - FRANCE
Referee: Noumandiez DOUE (CIV)
Assistant Referee 1: Songuifolo YEO (CIV)
Assistant Referee 2: Jean-Claude BIRUMUSHAHU (BDI)
Fourth Official: Björn KUIPERS (NED)
Standby Assistant Referee: Sander VAN ROEKEL (NED)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)
Continue Reading...

June 24, 2014

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 45-48

- 20 Comments
Massimo Busacca and his team have thrown their cubes again: With much delay they have announced the referee appointments for the Group G and H deciders. Ravshan Irmatov and Nawaf Shukralla will attend the open Group G matches, while Benjamin Williams and Cüneyt Çakir have been chosen for Group H. Thus, Bakary Gassama, Peter O'Leary, Yuichi Nishimura and Howard Webb stay with only 1 group stage match. 



GROUP G, Match 45
26 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Pernambuco, Recife
UNITED STATES - GERMANY
Referee: Ravshan IRMATOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 1: Abduxamidullo RASULOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 2: Bakhadyr KOCHKAROV (KGZ)
Fourth Official: ALIOUM (CMR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Djibril CAMARA (SEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)

GROUP G, Match 46
26 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Nacional, Brasilia
PORTUGAL - GHANA
Referee: Nawaf SHUKRALLA (BHR)
Assistant Referee 1: Yaser TULERAT (BHR)
Assistant Referee 2: Ebrahim SALEH (BHR)
Fourth Official: Wilmar ROLDÁN (COL)
Standby Assistant Referee: Humberto CLAVIJO (COL)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)

GROUP H, Match 47
26 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena de São Paulo, São Paulo
KOREA REP. - BELGIUM
Referee: Benjamin WILLIAMS (AUS)
Assistant Referee 1: Matthew CREAM (AUS)
Assistant Referee 2: Hakan ANAZ (AUS)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)
Blog Referee Observer: Nurudin (ENG)

GROUP H, Match 48
26 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena de Baixada, Curitiba
ALGERIA - RUSSIA
Referee: Cüneyt ÇAKIR (TUR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bahattin DURAN (TUR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tarik ONGUN (TUR)
Fourth Official: Joel AGUILAR (SLV)
Standby Assistant Referee: William TORRES MEJIA (SLV)
Blog Referee Observer: Marcel (NED)
Continue Reading...

Discussion About Refereeing In Group C & D Deciders

- 85 Comments
What is your opinion on the referee performances shown by the four referee teams acting in today's Group C and Group D deciders? How would you have decided in crucial situations? Discuss it here please!


GROUP D, Match 39
24 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio das Dunas, Natal
ITALY - URUGUAY
Referee: Marco RODRÍGUEZ (MEX)
Assistant Referee 1: Marvin TORRENTERA (MEX)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcos QUINTERO (MEX)
Fourth Official: Mark GEIGER (USA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Sean Mark HURD (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP D, Match 40
24 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
COSTA RICA - ENGLAND
Referee: Djamel HAIMOUDI (ALG)
Assistant Referee 1: Redouane ACHIK (MAR)
Assistant Referee 2: Abdelhak ETCHIALI (ALG)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Thomas (NED)

GROUP C, Match 37
24 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba
JAPAN - COLOMBIA
Referee: Pedro PROENÇA (POR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bertino MIRANDA (POR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tiago TRIGO (POR)
Fourth Official: Roberto MORENO (PAN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Eric BORIA (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Nurudin (ENG)

GROUP C, Match 38
24 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estadio Castelao, Fortaleza
GREECE - CÔTE D'IVOIRE
Referee: Carlos VERA (ECU)
Assistant Referee 1: Christian LESCANO (ECU)
Assistant Referee 2: Byron ROMERO (ECU)
Fourth Official: Sandro RICCI (BRA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Emerson DE CARVALHO (BRA)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)
Continue Reading...

June 23, 2014

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 41-44

- 82 Comments
Néstor Pitana has received his third appointment at this World Cup. Having been officially confirmed to take charge of Honduras - Switzerland, the Argentine will be the first referee to handle three (group stage) matches at this competition. Nicola Rizzoli, Carlos Velasco Carballo and Ivorian Noumandiez Doue have been chosen for the remaining Group E and F deciders.


GROUP F, Match 43
25 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Beíra-Rio, Porto Alegre
NIGERIA - ARGENTINA
Referee: Nicola RIZZOLI (ITA)
Assistant Referee 1: Renato FAVERANI (ITA)
Assistant Referee 2: Andrea STEFANI (ITA)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

GROUP F, Match 44
25 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA - IRAN
Referee: Carlos VELASCO CARBALLO (ESP)
Assistant Referee 1: Roberto ALONSO FERNÁNDEZ (ESP)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Carlos YUSTE JIMÉNEZ (ESP)
Fourth Official: Enrique OSSES (CHI)
Standby Assistant Referee: Carlos Alexis ASTROZA (CHI)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

GROUP E, Match 41
25 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Amazônia, Manaus
HONDURAS - SWITZERLAND
Referee: Néstor PITANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 1: Hernán MAIDANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Pablo BELATTI (ARG)
Fourth Official: Milorad MAZIC (SRB)
Standby Assistant Referee: Milovan RISTIC (SRB)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP E, Match 42
25 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estadio Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
ECUADOR - FRANCE
Referee: Noumandiez DOUE (CIV)
Assistant Referee 1: Songuifolo YEO (CIV)
Assistant Referee 2: Jean-Claude BIRUMUSHAHU (BDI)
Fourth Official: Björn KUIPERS (NED)
Standby Assistant Referee: Sander VAN ROEKEL (NED)
Blog Referee Observer: Hagi (GER)
Continue Reading...

June 22, 2014

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 37-40

- 87 Comments
FIFA has selected the following officiating quintets to officiate Matches 37 to 40 at World Cup 2014. Marco Rodríguez will take charge of the vitally crucial tie between Italy and Uruguay, while Djamel Haimoudi gets his second chance in Costa Rica - England. Proença's team will control Colombia - Japan and Greece - Côte d'Ivoire will be officiated by an Ecuadorian trio.



GROUP D, Match 39
24 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio das Dunas, Natal
ITALY - URUGUAY
Referee: Marco RODRÍGUEZ (MEX)
Assistant Referee 1: Marvin TORRENTERA (MEX)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcos QUINTERO (MEX)
Fourth Official: Mark GEIGER (USA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Sean Mark HURD (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP D, Match 40
24 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
COSTA RICA - ENGLAND
Referee: Djamel HAIMOUDI (ALG)
Assistant Referee 1: Redouane ACHIK (MAR)
Assistant Referee 2: Abdelhak ETCHIALI (ALG)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Thomas (NED)

GROUP C, Match 37
24 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba
JAPAN - COLOMBIA
Referee: Pedro PROENÇA (POR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bertino MIRANDA (POR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tiago TRIGO (POR)
Fourth Official: Roberto MORENO (PAN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Eric BORIA (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Nurudin (ENG)

GROUP C, Match 38
24 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estadio Castelao, Fortaleza
GREECE - CÔTE D'IVOIRE
Referee: Carlos VERA (ECU)
Assistant Referee 1: Christian LESCANO (ECU)
Assistant Referee 2: Byron ROMERO (ECU)
Fourth Official: Sandro RICCI (BRA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Emerson DE CARVALHO (BRA)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)
Continue Reading...

June 21, 2014

Discussion About Refereeing at Matchday 10

- 88 Comments
Please discuss the matches of Day 10 here!


GROUP F, Match 27
21 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
ARGENTINA - IRAN
Referee: Milorad MAŽIĆ (SRB)
Assistant Referee 1: Milovan RISTIĆ (SRB)
Assistant Referee 2: Dalibor ĐURĐEVIĆ (SRB)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Aden Marwa RANGE (KEN)

GROUP G, Match 29
21 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Estadio Castelao, Fortaleza
GERMANY - GHANA
Referee: Sandro RICCI (BRA)
Assistant Referee 1: Emerson DE CARVALHO (BRA)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcelo VAN GASSE (BRA)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)

GROUP F, Match 28
21 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba
NIGERIA - BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
Referee: Peter O'LEARY (NZL)
Assistant Referee 1: Jan Hendrik HINTZ (NZL)
Assistant Referee 2: Mark RULE (NZL)
Fourth Official: Roberto MORENO (PAN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Eric BORIA (USA)
Continue Reading...

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 33-36

- 12 Comments
These officiating trios have been chosen to handle Matches 33-36 at FIFA World Cup 2014.


GROUP B, Match 35
23 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena da Baixada, Curitiba
AUSTRALIA - SPAIN
Referee: Nawaf SHUKRALLA (BHR)
Assistant Referee 1: Yaser TULEFAT (BHR)
Assistant Referee 2: Ebrahim SALEH (BHR)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Aden Marwa RANGE (KEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)

GROUP B, Match 36
23 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Corinthians, São Paulo 
NETHERLANDS - CHILE
Referee: Bakary GASSAMA (GAM)
Assistant Referee 1: Evarist MENKOUANDE (CMR)
Assistant Referee 2: Felicien KABANDA (RWA)
Fourth Official: Joel AGUILAR (SLV)
Standby Assistant Referee: William TORRES (SLV)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP A, Match 33
23 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha, Brasilia
CAMEROON - BRAZIL
Referee: Jonas ERIKSSON (SWE)
Assistant Referee 1: Mathias KLASENIUS (SWE)
Assistant Referee 2: Daniel WÄRNMARK (SWE)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

GROUP A, Match 34
23 June 2014, 22:00 CET
Arena Pernambuco, Recife
CROATIA - MEXICO
Referee: Ravshan IRMATOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 1: Abdukhamidullo RASULOV (UZB)
Assistant Referee 2: Bakhadyr KOCHKAROV (KGZ)
Fourth Official: Néant ALIOUM (CMR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Djibril CAMARA (SEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Philipp (GER)
Continue Reading...

June 20, 2014

Discussion About Refereeing at Matchday 9

- 86 Comments
Please discuss the matches of Day 9 here!



GROUP D, Match 24
20 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Pernambuco, Recife
ITALY - COSTA RICA
Referee: Enrique OSSES (CHI)
Assistant Referee 1: Carlos Alexis ASTROZA (CHI)
Assistant Referee 2: Sergio ROMÁN (CHI)
Fourth Official: Néant ALIOUM (CMR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Djibril CAMARA (SEN)

GROUP E, Match 25
20 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador
SWITZERLAND - FRANCE
Referee: Björn KUIPERS (NED)
Assistant Referee 1:Sander VAN ROEKEL (NED)
Assistant Referee 2: Erwin E. J. ZEINSTRA (NED)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim HAGLUND (NOR)

GROUP E, Match 26
21 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Da Baixada, Curitiba
HONDURAS - ECUADOR
Referee: Benjamin WILLIAMS (AUS) 
Assistant Referee 1:Matthew CREAM (AUS)
Assistant Referee 2: Hakan ANAZ (AUS)
Fourth Official: Yuichi NISHIMURA (JPN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Toru SAGARA (JPN)
Continue Reading...

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 30-32

- 34 Comments
These officiating trios have been chosen to handle Matches 30-32 at FIFA World Cup 2014.


GROUP H, Match 31
22 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Maracanã - Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, Rio De Janeiro
BELGIUM - RUSSIA
Referee: Dr. Felix BRYCH (GER)
Assistant Referee 1: Mark BORSCH (GER)
Assistant Referee 2: Stefan LUPP (GER)
Fourth Official: Carlos VERA (ECU)
Standby Assistant Referee: Byron ROMERO (ECU) 
Blog Referee Observer: Marcel (NED)

GROUP H, Match 32
22 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Estadio Beira-Rio, Porto Alegre
KOREA REPUBLIC - ALGERIA
Referee: Wilmar ROLDÁN (COL)
Assistant Referee 1: Eduardo DÍAZ (COL) 
Assistant Referee 2: Christian LESCANO (ECU)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP G, Match 30
23 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Amazônia, Manaus
USA - PORTUGAL
Referee: Néstor PITANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 1:  Hernán MAIDANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Pablo BELATTI (ARG)
Fourth Official: Walter LÓPEZ (GUA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Leonel LEAL (CRC)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)
Continue Reading...

June 19, 2014

Teamwork at the WC

- 9 Comments

Jokes aside. One of the, as far as I can see, bigger crucial mistakes made on Matchday 1 in Brazil happened in Switzerland - Ecuador in Group E, but interestingly did not find a medial echo (even in this blog's community) that would be comparable to the one for some other referee performances. The match situation is of high educational value for the blog and that's why I have decided to pick it, contrary to many others, out.


What happened?
Red Player #13 had executed a low pass towards the penalty area, which was not touched by Red Midfielder #10, but which was touched and deflected by Blue Defender #2. The ball reached Red Attacker #19, who then scored a goal having been free in front of the Goalkeeper. Check this video:




What did the referees decide?
Referee Ravshan Irmatov's Assistant Referee 2 Bakhadyr Kochkarov raised his flag for offside when the ball reached the later goal-scorer. The goal was therefore disallowed.

The Situation
At the moment of the pass by Red #13, forward player Red #10 was not closer to the goalline than the second-to-last defender by approximately 0,5m. The Assistant Referee lacked in being positioned on the 2nd-last-defender-line by almost 2 metres. Research by Oudejans (2000) and Helsen (2009, Werner Helsen should be specially known to UEFA Referees participating in CORE seminars) has shown that accurate positioning is the key to taking correct offside decisions on a perceptual level. If you are 2 metres away from where you should be positioned, this will have (and had!) significant impacts on the decision's quality. But this should not be the focal point here. The bigger problem is that referee Ravshan Irmatov could have prevented his colleague from making this game-relevant error:
It is unsure whether AR2 raised his flag after the enlargement (Red #10 or Blue #2?) in the middle or directly for the pass by Red #13. As emphasized, latter would be a wrong decision for sure. The first option has a certain legitimation. At the approximate moment of the enlarging contact in the middle (69:07), Red #19 was indeed closer to the 2nd last defender by almost 2 metres. Kochkarov's facial expression also expresses a high level of confidence in his decision which would be only apparent if he had been 100% sure of a clear offside position. If there had been doubts, he would have waited, stood still and sought a conversation with the referee.
Unluckily for the match officials, this enlarging contact came from the defender Blue #2 and not from Red #10. That was decently visible for AR2 and very well visible for referee Irmatov. At this point you can already grasp that he had a certain responsibility, either in a positive or in a negative way. 

Compliant with Law 11 since July 2013, Blue #2 would have made a punishable offside position of Red #19 impossible, if you deemed this as deliberately playing the ball:

A player in an offside position receiving the ball from an opponent, who deliberately plays the ball (except from a deliberate save), is not considered to have gained an advantage. 

The 3rd Team proposes the following criteria to detect whether a defender deliberately played the ball. They are applied to the video example from Switzerland - Ecuador:

Deliberately playing the ball requires:
a) the active movement towards the ball - RATHER NO (He moved his leg towards the ball, but not his body. He stood still and just reacted intuitively to the ball coming towards him unexpectedly.)
b) the intent to play the ball - YES and NO (the defender rather found the ball unexpectedly coming against him)

Deliberately playing the ball does not require:
a) being successful when playing the ball - the quality does not matter! (NO, but doesn't matter!)
b) intentionally passing the ball with the foot (NO, but doesn't matter!)

Conclusion No.1: Not all criteria for deliberate play were fulfilled.


Compliant with Law 11 since July 2013, Red #19 would have been in a punishable offside position despite Blue #2 having enlarged the ball, if you deemed this as a deflection:

A player is considered to have gained an advantage by being in an offside position. Gaining an advantage means playing a ball that [...] is deflected to him off [...] an opponent having been in an offside position.

These criteria have been put forward to gauge whether a ball is deflected by a defender. They are applied to the video example from Switzerland - Ecuador:

The ball is deflected when it changes direction and the player...
a) does not move towards the ball - YES (only the leg moves, but Blue #2 does not actively move towards the ball)
b) finds the ball coming against himself and attempts to play it - YES
c) and creates an obstacle (during a free-kick or shot). - YES and NO (it was no real obstacle during a free-kick or shot, but during a very slowly travelling ball).

Conclusion No.2: Not all criteria for a deflection were fulfilled, but the most relevant are.

Conclusion No.3: Law 11's wording and specially the corresponding guidelines are not 100% clear. If the forward Red #19 had been closer to the goalline than the 2nd-to-last defender at the moment of the pass from the left side on the pitch, the assistant referee would have had to weigh up whether Blue #2 deliberately played (NO offside) or deflected (offside) the ball.
My personal interpretation is that this was rather deliberate play than a deflection. However, this is not our primar interest in this post. More important is how an assistant referee being in such a conflict can deal with such difficult situations within a short period of time during the match. One key to solve such situation is TEAMWORK.

Advices for the Decision-Taking Process of Unclear Offside Situations (thanks to our user Eric Taylor who raised this area of thought!):

1. As a referee, you should create an awareness for the new version of Law 11 and for offside as a whole to be able to adequately deal with situations as they happened in this match situation. Looking through the eyes of an assistant referee does not harm to reach this goal.

2. Once this mental awareness has been created, it is important to help the assistant referee in taking correct decisions by efficiently and preventively using the micro system. For example, to signalize his assistant referee that the enlarging touch was caused by Blue Defender #2 and not by another Attacker, Irmatov could have shouted (on their mother tongue): "BLUE! BLUE! BLUE!".
Using a minimum but precise choice of words backed up by a sufficient pre-match discussion (the AR must know what you tell him by shouting "BLUE! BLUE!...", agree on a code you use during the match), the assistant referee can easily hear your words via micro and integrate this valuable input into his decision to either raise the flag or not. It is important that your words are short and loud to avoid misunderstandings, to guarantee a high-speed decision-taking process and to allow the AR to hear your words again if they were missed in first place due to a noisy atmosphere.

3. As described above, this situation is not quite clear. There are arguments for deliberate play and a deflection, so that the information you, as a referee, should pass to his assistant referee has to go farther than tellinh him "BLUE! BLUE!...". Or in other words: Sometimes it is not about the WHETHER but about the HOW. This demands practice and, above all, TEAMWORK! (As you know, Together Everybody Achieves More...)

4. Good referees have created a feeling for offside and mostly automatically look out to their colleagues. Create eye-contact! If the assistant referee is having doubts, he will signalize it either by standing still, i.e. not moving on the sideline, maybe even his mimic and shouting into the micro and asking the referee to come to him.

5. The referee should go out to the assistant referee to consult with each other face-to-face. Both should exchange their views. Before taking any decision, the situation must be reflected and analyzed. The referee must ensure that this discussion takes place without any interference, i.e. with full exclusion of all players. All this should not take too much time, around 1 minute is suitable and should be already the maximum.

Pay attention to these four steps of taking an unclear (offside) decision:

I    WAIT-AND-SEE!
II   DISCUSS AND EXCHANGE!
III  THINK!
IV  DECIDE!

The decision the referee and assistant referee have reached should be communicated to the players appropiately - it is recommended that the referee briefly informs both captains. For all players, fans and even TV watchers, such a decision-taking process will create credibility and understanding. You can sell the decision much better by following the circumscribed steps.

6. Last but not least, have the courage to correct your Assistant Referee either if his flag had come before you were able to advise the AR due to the dynamic of play or if your input was not appropiately followed by him. If you are sure, be brave, overrule him!
As an assistant referee, never be too quick if you are having doubts! You are the 3rd Team on the pitch and your colleagues are there to solve doubts.
Continue Reading...

Discussion About Refereeing at Matchday 8

- 81 Comments
Please discuss the matches of Day 8 here!


GROUP C, Match 21
19 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Nacional, Brasilia
COLOMBIA - CÔTE D'IVOIRE
Referee: Howard WEBB (ENG)
Assistant Referee 1: Michael MULLARKEY (ENG)
Assistant Referee 2: Darren CANN (ENG)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)

GROUP D, Match 23
19 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Arena Corinthians, São Paulo
URUGUAY - ENGLAND
Referee: Carlos VELASCO CARBALLO (ESP)
Assistant Referee 1: Roberto ALONSO FERNÁNDEZ (ESP)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Carlos YUSTE JIMÉNEZ (ESP)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)

GROUP C, Match 22
19 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Estádio das Dunas, Natal
JAPAN - GREECE
Referee: Joel AGUILAR (SLV)
Assistant Referee 1: William TORRES MEJIA (SLV)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Francisco ZUMBA (SLV)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Aden Marwa RANGE (KEN)
Continue Reading...

World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 27-29

- 49 Comments
FIFA has selected Milorad Mažić, Sandro Ricci and Peter O'Leary to take charge of Matches 27-29. Bakary Gassama and Nawaf Shukralla thus stay without any match so far, two referees with a lot of potential. Massimo Busacca apparently has a different perception of referee appointment management.


GROUP F, Match 27
21 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
ARGENTINA - IRAN
Referee: Milorad MAŽIĆ (SRB)
Assistant Referee 1: Milovan RISTIĆ (SRB)
Assistant Referee 2: Dalibor ĐURĐEVIĆ (SRB)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Aden Marwa RANGE (KEN)
Blog Referee Observer: TBD

GROUP G, Match 29
21 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Estadio Castelao, Fortaleza
GERMANY - GHANA
Referee: Sandro RICCI (BRA)
Assistant Referee 1: Emerson DE CARVALHO (BRA)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcelo VAN GASSE (BRA)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)

GROUP F, Match 28
21 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba
NIGERIA - BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
Referee: Peter O'LEARY (NZL)
Assistant Referee 1: Jan Hendrik HINTZ (NZL)
Assistant Referee 2: Mark RULE (NZL)
Fourth Official: Roberto MORENO (PAN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Eric BORIA (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)
Continue Reading...

UEFA Under-19 European Championship 2014 - Referees

- 1 Comments
Some news, not about World Cup 2014: UEFA has appointed the following match officials to attend this year's Under-19 European Championship in Hungary. Starting on 19 July, eight teams are about to fight for their very first trophy on international turf.  

The referees and assistant referees selected are foreseen to take control over the matches and to undergo deep analysis on their performances, personalities and physical as well as mental preparation taught by the referee observers and committee representatives.

Referees:

Kevin Clancy - Scotland - 23.11.1983
Javier Estrada Fernández - Spain - 27.01.1976
Tore Hansen - Norway - 06.02.1978
Enea Jorgji - Albania - 15.08.1984
Stephan Klossner - Switzerland - 30.05.1981
Nicolas Rainville - France - 18.03.1982

Assistant Referees:

Yashar Abbasov - Azerbaijan - 01.08.1980
Yevgeniy Belskiy - Kazakhstan - 23.07.1981
Laurent Conotte - Belgium - 22.05.1981
Darren England - England - 23.12.1985
Borut Križarić - Croatia - 05.08.1979
Henrik Larsen - Denmark - 25.11.1980
Wayne McDonnell - Ireland - 03.12.1986
Gylfi Mar Sigurdsson - Iceland - 19.05.1987

Fourth Officials:

Tamás Bognar - Hungary - 18.11.1978
Mihaly Fabián - Hungary - 05.03.1980


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June 18, 2014

Review of Refereeing in Matches 1-16

- 21 Comments
Matchday 1 at World Cup 2014 is over and therefore the time for an interim review on the referee performances has come. A couple of tendencies have become obvious and can be put together to a framework of elements that roughly characterize refereeing in Brazil. Some videos are embedded to illustrate the observations.

Björn Kuipers' Team showed the best performance according to our reports

Disciplinary Strategy
In actually every match, we were able to observe a disciplinary strategy that was widely equal among all match officials. Reinforced by information we received from sources, Massimo Busacca and his team have instructed their referees to issue the first yellow card as late as possible in the matches in order to delay the moment when the first "munition" needs to be shot. And this is a problem.
First, the sense of incrementally increasing the disciplinary measures implies that the first yellow card a) should come in-time - and not as late as possible - and b) follows a sensible augmentation in terms of the usage of verbal warnings (this topic will be dealt with after the World Cup more intensely). Therefore, Busacca seems to have a fundamental misunderstanding of this tactical approach. Additionally, you cannot force one special tactical approach upon every of 25 referees coming from all over the world. This is irrealistic and has negative effects. I was pretty much stunned to see Marco Rodriguez being one of the most lenient officials of the World Cup - he seems to have become a different referee (it is him who benefits most from it). Other referees have completely ignored mandatory cases of yellow cards, e.g. after clear tactical fouls stopping promising attacks.
Two things are maybe positive though, depending on subjective preferences and perception: At least now all referees are consistent and thus predictable for the players. And second: better late than never - yellow cards were mostly shown when absolutely needed.

Violent Conducts
We observed Diego Costa (ESP-NED), Tim Cahill (CHI-AUS), Paul Pogba (FRA-HON) and Pepe (GER-POR) being guilty of clearly tried or clearly exerted violent conducts fully caught by the referee's visual control. Nicola Rizzoli verbally warned both players involved and mostly yelled at the victim of this incident; Noumandiez Doue's AR2 must have noticed the incident but only advised his boss to issue a yellow card; Sandro Ricci and his AR1 definitely saw the clear retaliation of Paul Pogba but only cautioned him; finally - and that was truly refreshing - Milorad Mažić drew the only logical consequence and sent Pepe off. Either this is another bizarre instruction or some officials have simply neglected their duties to protect players. Or sending-offs for violent conducts just spoil commercialized and worldwide seen football in the opinion of certain people, I don't know.







Appointments
In my opinion, Massimo Busacca was a way better referee than referee manager. He had almost half a year time to think about the referee appointments and created quite a fuss. There was no necessity to appoint a surely competent but, internationally regarded, very inexperienced referee like Mažić for a clash like Germany-Portugal. Howard Webb or others would have been much safer and better choices. By this appointment and problematic (but not bad!) performance, the Serbian's World Cup has been spoilt to a certain extent. Also here it would have been desirable to rely on incrementally increasing match designations, meaning that referees like Mažić could have started with a rather low-profile game, to be able to recommend himself for higher tasks having gained confidence by the first performance.

R.I.P., Confederation Neutrality Rule
I had to take up our user Emil's statement. On Matchday 1, three chances to appoint UEFA referees, while respecting the Confederation Neutrality Rule, have not been used (MEX-CMR, CHI-AUS, CIV-JPN). This is a surprising novelty, would have been evitable, but also has advantages. The principle to ideally appoint the best referee possible for a match he suits to has gained more weight. It will be interesting to see how Busacca will deal with that on the last, decisive Matchday 3.

Mostly good performances - despite lots of crucial mistakes
Yes, the one does not exclude the other. In most cases, the referees really performed very well in terms of managing the games, showing personality, maintaining control at all times and dealing with players. The problem is that during a group stage, every goal counts. The high number of crucial mistakes has therefore every right to significantly shadow the match officials' good performances in the media. Satirical online-headlines such as "FIFA in favour of inclusion for visually impaired match officials!" must be beared by the referees and assistant referees for this reason. Mistakes can and will always happen; but for sure Nishimura's penalty kick and Clavijo's offside goals were the worst start possible into this World Cup and bias the impression "common people" have received in a very negative way.

Positive Surprises
CONCACAF's three referees have positively surprised me most. Joel Aguilar, Mark Geiger and Marco Rodriguez have shown very convincing performances in admittedly not that demanding games - but as we all know, matches mostly don't become easy just by themselves. Geiger's designation for today's Spain-Chile clash is a mirror of the trust Busacca surely has in him after Colombia-Greece. Not it counts, for all of them, to confirm the good impressions in their second games to be real options in order to handle big matches... and maybe even the final.

Reports for Matches 1-16
Please find our detailed reports about the match officials' performances below. You can also check the respective website to see them being updated mostly each day. We ask for your understanding that some of these reports have and will come with some delay.

Brazil - Croatia, Team Yuichi Nishimura (JPN) - 7.8 / 8.2 / 8.2
Mexico - Cameroon, Team Wilmar Roldán (COL) - 8.2 / 7.3 / 8.5
Spain - Netherlands, Team Nicola Rizzoli (ITA) - 7.4 / 8.1 / 8.7
Chile - Australia, Team Noumandiez Doue (CIV) - 8.3 / 8.5 / 7.9
Colombia - Greece, Team Mark Geiger (USA) - 8.4 / 8.4 / 8.4
Côte d'Ivoire - Japan, Team Enrique Osses (CHI) - 8.4 / 8.2 / 8.4
Uruguay - Costa Rica, Team Felix Brych (GER) - 7.9 / 8.6 / 7.9
England - Italy, Team Björn Kuipers (NED) - 8.5 / 8.6 / 8.5
Switzerland - Ecuador, Team Ravshan Irmatov (UZB) - 8.2 / 8.4 / 7.9
France - Honduras, Team Sandro Ricci (BRA) - 7.9 / 8.4 / 8.5
Iran - Nigeria, Team Carlos Vera (ECU) - still to come
Argentina - Bosnia & Herzegovina, Team Joel Aguilar (SLV) - 8.4 / 8.3 / 8.6
Germany - Portugal, Team Milorad Mažić (SRB) - still to come
Ghana - USA, Team Jonas Eriksson (SWE) - 8.3 / 8.5 / 8.4
Belgium - Algeria, Team Marco Rodríguez (MEX) - 8.5 / 8.4 / 8.5
Russia - Korea Rep., Team Néstor Pitana (ARG) - 8.2 / 8.4 / 8.4
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Discussion About Refereeing at Matchday 7

- 80 Comments


GROUP B, Match 20
18 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Beira Rio, Porto Alegre
AUSTRALIA - NETHERLANDS
Referee: Djamel HAIMOUDI (ALG) 
Assistant Referee 1: Rédouane ACHIK (MAR)
Assistant Referee 2: Abdelhak ETCHIALI (ALG)
Fourth Official: Bakary GASSAMA (GAM)
Standby Assistant Referee: Evarist MENKOUANDE (CMR)
Blog Referee Observer: Chefren (ITA)


Penalty Kick?
  
pollcode.com free polls 
GROUP B, Match 19
18 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Maracanã - Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, Rio de Janeiro
SPAIN - CHILE
Referee: Mark GEIGER (USA)
Assistant Referee 1: Sean Mark HURD (USA)
Assistant Referee 2: Joe FLETCHER (CAN)
Fourth Official: Nawaf SHUKRALLA (BHR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Yaser ABDULLA TULEFAT (BHR)
Blog Referee Observer: Thomas H. (NED)

GROUP A, Match 18
18 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Amazônia, Manaus
CAMEROON - CROATIA
Referee: Pedro PROENÇA (POR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bertino MIRANDA (POR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tiago TRIGO (POR)
Fourth Official: Walter LÓPEZ (GUA)
Standby Assistant Referee: Leonel LEAL (CRC)
Blog Referee Observer: Carlos (COL)
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World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 24-26

- 30 Comments
These officiating trios have been chosen to handle Matches 24-26 at FIFA World Cup 2014.


GROUP D, Match 24
20 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Arena Pernambuco, Recife
ITALY - COSTA RICA
Referee: Enrique OSSES (CHI)
Assistant Referee 1: Carlos Alexis ASTROZA (CHI)
Assistant Referee 2: Sergio ROMÁN (CHI)
Fourth Official: Néant ALIOUM (CMR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Djibril CAMARA (SEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)

GROUP E, Match 25
20 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Arena Fonte Nova, Salvador
SWITZERLAND - FRANCE
Referee: Björn KUIPERS (NED)
Assistant Referee 1:Sander VAN ROEKEL (NED)
Assistant Referee 2: Erwin E. J. ZEINSTRA (NED)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Emil (CAN)

GROUP E, Match 26
21 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Da Baixada, Curitiba
HONDURAS - ECUADOR
Referee: Benjamin WILLIAMS (AUS) 
Assistant Referee 1:Matthew CREAM (AUS)
Assistant Referee 2: Hakan ANAZ (AUS)
Fourth Official: Yuichi NISHIMURA (JPN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Toru SAGARA (JPN)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)
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June 17, 2014

Discussion About Refereeing at Matchday 6

- 62 Comments
We have decided to ensure a bit more overview on the many good discussions we had thanks to our great community. Therefore each matchday package will, as usual, receive an own post where the referee appointments can be discussed. From now on, there will be separate threads you can use for dicussions about the referee performances. 

Moreover, we ask for your understanding that anonymous comments will be flexibly disabled during the whole World Cup. While we appreciate and are honoured by the extremely large number of visitors during the last three weeks, this also implies that a lot of fans instead of referees follow our discussions and read the blog. This tournament seems to awake a huge level of patriotism for the own national team which impedes a fair analysis and dealing with the match officials' performances and shadows the expertise that many other comments express.
For those who would like to share their points of views with us, I recommend to create open IDs, alias identities or even your google accounts - if available. We will make use of disabling the anonymous function as soon as misconduct occurs. Thank you.


GROUP H, Match 15
17 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estadio Mineirao, Belo Horizonte
BELGIUM - ALGERIA
Referee: Marco RODRÍGUEZ (MEX)
Assistant Referee 1: Marvin TORRENTERA (MEX)
Assistant Referee 2: Marcos QUINTERO (MEX)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Edward (GRE)

GROUP A, Match 17
17 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Estadio Castelao, Fortaleza
BRAZIL - MEXICO
Referee: Cüneyt ÇAKIR (TUR)
Assistant Referee 1: Bahattin DURAN (TUR)
Assistant Referee 2: Tarik ONGUN (TUR)
Fourth Official: Svein Oddvar MOEN (NOR)
Standby Assistant Referee: Kim Thomas HAGLUND (NOR)
Blog Referee Observer: Thomas H. (NED)

GROUP H, Match 16
17 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba
RUSSIA - KOREA REP.
Referee: Néstor PITANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 1: Hernán MAIDANA (ARG)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Pablo BELATTI (ARG)
Fourth Official: Roberto MORENO (PAN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Eric BORIA (USA)
Blog Referee Observer: Philipp (GER)
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World Cup 2014 - Referee Appointments - Matches 21-23

- 22 Comments
These officiating trios have been chosen to handle Matches 21-23 at FIFA World Cup 2014.


GROUP C, Match 21
19 June 2014, 18:00 CET
Estádio Nacional, Brasilia
COLOMBIA - CÔTE D'IVOIRE
Referee: Howard WEBB (ENG)
Assistant Referee 1: Michael MULLARKEY (ENG)
Assistant Referee 2: Darren CANN (ENG)
Fourth Official: Víctor CARRILLO (PER)
Standby Assistant Referee: Rodney AQUINO (PAR)
Blog Referee Observer: Hagi (GER)

GROUP D, Match 23
19 June 2014, 21:00 CET
Arena Corinthians, São Paulo
URUGUAY - ENGLAND
Referee: Carlos VELASCO CARBALLO (ESP)
Assistant Referee 1: Roberto ALONSO FERNÁNDEZ (ESP)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Carlos YUSTE JIMÉNEZ (ESP)
Fourth Official: Alireza FAGHANI (IRN)
Standby Assistant Referee: Hassan KAMRANIFAR (IRN)
Blog Referee Observer: Marcel (NED)

GROUP C, Match 22
19 June 2014, 00:00 CET
Estádio das Dunas, Natal
JAPAN - GREECE
Referee: Joel AGUILAR (SLV)
Assistant Referee 1: William TORRES MEJIA (SLV)
Assistant Referee 2: Juan Francisco ZUMBA (SLV)
Fourth Official: Norbert HAUATA (TAH)
Standby Assistant Referee: Marwa RANGE (KEN)
Blog Referee Observer: Niclas (GER)
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